Conjugation of the Spanish verb buscar has a fairly common meaning in Spanish, and is usually translated as “to look for” or “to search for.” The conjugation of buscar is regular in pronunciation, only irregular in spelling. As part of this article, we will discuss conjugation in the indicative mood (present, past, conditional, and future), the subjunctive mood (present and past), the imperative mood, as well as the other verb forms.

Conjugation Of Buscar Verb (Present, Past, Preterite, Subjunctive & Future Tense) In Spanish

The biggest difference between the English verb “to look” or “to search” and the Spanish verb “to search” is that the Spanish verb does not need to be followed by a preposition, which is one of the most common mistakes made by students learning Spanish. To avoid this confusion, you can think of searching as saying “to seek out.”

Buscar Conjugation
Buscar Conjugation

The word buscar has an irregular spelling conjugation. In particular, whenever a conjugated form of buscar would have the c followed by an, and when it was regular, the c changes to a qu. For example, to say “I sought,” you would use the form busqué instead of buscé. Additionally, this spelling change can also be found in the present subjunctive and some imperative conjugations.

Common Uses of Buscar

Among these common expressions includes the verb buscar:

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{buscar\ algo:-}}\) to look for something

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{buscar\ algo:-}}\) to look something up

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{buscar\ a\ alguien:-}}\) to look for someone

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{buscar\ a\ alguien:-}}\) to pick someone up

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{buscar + [infinitivo]:-}}\) to look to + [verb]

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{se\ busca + [sustantivo]:-}}\) [noun] + wanted

In addition, the Buscar root can be combined with several nouns to form compound nouns:

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el\ buscapersonas:-}}\) pager

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el\ buscapiés:-}}\) firecracker

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el/la\ buscaplata:-}}\) fortune hunter

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el/la\ buscapleitos:-}}\) troublemaker

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el/la\ buscarruidos:-}}\) troublemaker, rabble-rouser

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el/la\ buscatesoros:-}}\) treasure hunter, treasure seeker

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{el/la\ buscavidas:-}}\) ambitious person, busybody

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Conjugation Of Buscar in Present Indicative Tense

This verb buscar is usually used in the present indicative tense. It follows the pattern of other -ar regular verb conjugations.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) busco

Translation In English: I search for

Example In Spanish: Yo busco mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) buscas

Translation In English: You search for

Example In Spanish: Tú buscas a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) busca

Translation In English: You/he/she searches for

Example In Spanish: Ella busca la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) buscamos

Translation In English: We search for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros buscamos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) buscáis

Translation In English: You search for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros buscáis trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) buscan

Translation In English: You/they search for

Example In Spanish: Ellos buscan oportunidades para mejorar.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Preterite Indicative Tense

As with Buscar, the preterite tense conjugations are regular, except for the spelling change that occurs with the vowel and in the first person singular (yo).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) busqué

Translation In English: I searched for

Example In Spanish: Yo busqué mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) buscaste

Translation In English: You searched for

Example In Spanish: Tú buscaste a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) buscó

Translation In English: You/he/she searched for

Example In Spanish: Ella buscó la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) buscamos

Translation In English: We searched for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros buscamos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) buscasteis

Translation In English: You searched for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros buscasteis trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) buscaron

Translation In English: You/they searched for

Example In Spanish: Ellos buscaron oportunidades para mejorar.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Imperfect Indicative Tense 

The verb buscar is usually conjugated in the imperfect tense. The stem search- is added to the imperfect ending for -ar verbs (aba, abas, aba, amos, aban). The imperfect tense can be translated as “used to search for” or “was searching for.”

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) buscaba

Translation In English: I used to search for

Example In Spanish: Yo buscaba mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) buscabas

Translation In English: You used to search for

Example In Spanish: Tú buscabas a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) buscaba

Translation In English: You/he/she used to search for

Example In Spanish: Ella buscaba la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) buscábamos

Translation In English: We used to search for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros buscábamos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) buscabais

Translation In English: You used to search for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros buscabais trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) buscaban

Translation In English: You/they used to search for

Example In Spanish: Ellos buscaban oportunidades para mejorar.

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Conjugation Of Buscar in Future Indicative Tense 

In order to conjugate the future tense, start with the infinitive (buscar) and add the future tense endings (é, ás, á, emos, éis, án).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo-}}\) buscaré

Translation In English: I will search for

Example In Spanish: Yo buscaré mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú-}}\) buscarás

Translation In English: You will search for

Example In Spanish: Tú buscarás a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella-}}\) buscará

Translation In English: You/he/she will search for

Example In Spanish: Ella buscará la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros-}}\) buscaremos

Translation In English: We will search for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros buscaremos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros-}}\) buscaréis

Translation In English: You will search for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros buscaréis trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) buscarán

Translation In English: You/they will search for

Example In Spanish: Ellos buscarán oportunidades para mejorar.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Periphrastic Future Indicative Tense 

In order to conjugate the periphrastic future, you will need the present indicative conjugation of ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive buscar.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo-}}\) voy a buscar

Translation In English: I am going to search for

Example In Spanish: Yo voy a buscar mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú-}}\) vas a buscar

Translation In English: You are going to search for

Example In Spanish: Tú vas a buscar a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella-}}\) va a buscar

Translation In English: You/he/she going to search for

Example In Spanish: Ella va a buscar la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros-}}\) vamos a buscar

Translation In English: We are going to search for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vamos a buscar información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros-}}\) vais a buscar

Translation In English: You are going to search for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vais a buscar trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) van a buscar

Translation In English: You/they are going to search for

Example In Spanish: Ellos van a buscar oportunidades para mejorar.

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Conjugation Of Buscar in Present Progressive Tense/Gerund Form

If you wish to form the gerund or present participle, take the stem of the verb and add the ending -ando (for -ar verbs). The present participle may be used to form progressive tenses, such as the present progressive, which is usually formed using the auxiliary verb estar.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Buscar-}}\) está buscando

Translation In English: She is searching for

Example In Spanish: Ella está buscando la respuesta en el libro.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Past Participle Tense

To form the past participle, begin by taking the stem of the verb busc- and adding the ending ado (for verbs ending in ar). It is one of the uses of the past participle that it helps in forming perfect tenses, such as the present perfect, which uses the auxiliary verb haber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Perfect\ of\ Buscar-}}\) ha buscado

Translation In English: She has searched for

Example In Spanish: Ella ha buscado la respuesta en el libro.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Conditional Indicative Tense

Conditionals are used to talk about the possibility of something happening, and are generally translated into English as “would + verb.” The conditionals are formed in the same way as the future tenses, starting with the infinitive form and adding the final ending.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo-}}\) buscaría

Translation In English: I would search for

Example In Spanish: Yo buscaría mis llaves por toda la casa, pero no tengo paciencia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú-}}\) buscarías

Translation In English: You would search for

Example In Spanish: Tú buscarías a Carlitos en la escuela si saliera temprano.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella-}}\) buscaría

Translation In English: You/he/she would search for

Example In Spanish: Ella buscaría la respuesta en el libro si fuera necesario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros-}}\) buscaríamos

Translation In English: We would search for

Example In Spanish: Nosotros buscaríamos información en Internet si tuviéramos una computadora.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros-}}\) buscaríais

Translation In English: You would search for

Example In Spanish: Vosotros buscaríais trabajo, pero os da pereza.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) buscarían

Translation In English: You/they would search for

Example In Spanish: Ellos buscarían oportunidades para mejorar si estuvieran más motivados.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Present Subjunctive Tense

In order to form the present subjunctive, take the stem of the first person singular present indicative (yo Busco) and add the subjunctive endings. In -ar verbs, all of the endings begin with the vowel e, so you need to make the spelling change from c to qu as well.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo-}}\) busque

Translation In English: That I search for

Example In Spanish: Es necesario que yo busque mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú-}}\) busques

Translation In English: That you search for

Example In Spanish: Mamá necesita que tú busques a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella-}}\) busque

Translation In English: That you/he/she search for

Example In Spanish: La profesora recomienda que ella busque la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros-}}\) busquemos

Translation In English: That we search for

Example In Spanish: El bibliotecario sugiere que nosotros busquemos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros-}}\) busquéis

Translation In English: That you search for

Example In Spanish: Papá pide que vosotros busquéis trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) busquen

Translation In English: That you/they search for

Example In Spanish: La jefa espera que ellos busquen oportunidades para mejorar.

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Conjugation Of Buscar in Imperfect Subjunctive Tense

The imperfect subjunctive can be conjugated in two ways. It depends on where you live whether one or the other is preferred, as some countries prefer one over the other.

Type: 1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo-}}\) buscara

Translation In English: That I searched for

Example In Spanish: Era necesario que yo buscara mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú-}}\) buscaras

Translation In English: That you searched for

Example In Spanish: Mamá necesitaba que tú buscaras a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella-}}\) buscara

Translation In English: That you/he/she searched for

Example In Spanish: La profesora recomendaba que ella buscara la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros-}}\) buscáramos

Translation In English: That we searched for

Example In Spanish: El bibliotecario sugería que nosotros buscáramos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros-}}\) buscarais

Translation In English: That you searched for

Example In Spanish: Papá pedía que vosotros buscarais trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) buscaran

Translation In English: That you/they searched for

Example In Spanish: La jefa esperaba que ellos buscaran oportunidades para mejorar.

Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo-}}\) buscase

Translation In English: That I searched for

Example In Spanish: Era necesario que yo buscase mis llaves por toda la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú-}}\) buscases

Translation In English: That you searched for

Example In Spanish: Mamá necesitaba que tú buscases a Carlitos en la escuela.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella-}}\) buscase

Translation In English: That you/he/she searched for

Example In Spanish: La profesora recomendaba que ella buscase la respuesta en el libro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros-}}\) buscásemos

Translation In English: That we searched for

Example In Spanish: El bibliotecario sugería que nosotros buscásemos información en Internet.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros-}}\) buscaseis

Translation In English: That you searched for

Example In Spanish: Papá pedía que vosotros buscaseis trabajo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas-}}\) buscasen

Translation In English: That you/they searched for

Example In Spanish: La jefa esperaba que ellos buscasen oportunidades para mejorar.

Conjugation Of Buscar in Imperative Tense

If you want to give orders or commands, you need to be in the imperative mood. Please take note that in the imperative sometimes you will need to change the spelling from qu to q.

Positive Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú-}}\) busca

Translation In English: Search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡Busca a Carlitos en la escuela!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted-}}\) busque

Translation In English: Search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡Busque la respuesta en el libro!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros-}}\) busquemos

Translation In English: Let’s search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡Busquemos información en Internet!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros-}}\) buscad

Translation In English: Search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡Buscad trabajo!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes-}}\) busquen

Translation In English: Search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡Busquen oportunidades para mejorar!

Negative Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú-}}\) no busques

Translation In English: Don’t search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡No busques a Carlitos en la escuela!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted-}}\) no busque

Translation In English: Don’t search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡No busque la respuesta en el libro!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros-}}\) no busquemos

Translation In English: Let’s not search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡No busquemos información en Internet!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros-}}\) no busquéis

Translation In English: Don’t search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡No busquéis trabajo!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes-}}\) no busquen

Translation In English: Don’t search for!

Example In Spanish: ¡No busquen oportunidades para mejorar!

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FAQs

Does buscar stem change?

Buscar is a Spanish verb meaning to look for. Buscar is conjugated as an irregular verb in the preterite tense. Buscar appears on the 100 Most Used Spanish Preterite Tense Verbs Poster as the 34th most used irregular verb.

What is Buscar used for?

It is used when an event has a definite beginning and a definite ending. It is also used to say how long an event lasted, how many times an event occurred, and if an action interrupts another action.

How do you use buscar in a sentence in Spanish?

I searched for your brother but I couldn’t find him. Ella busca libro en español.

She is looking for a book in Spanish. ¿Qué Busca?

Does buscar need por?

In Spanish, buscar means “to look for,” so you should follow the verb directly with the object: Busco Trabajo (I’m looking for a job).