Spanish verb caer is a useful word that literally means to fall or fall down. Understand the conjugation of “caer” in the preterite and imperfect tenses, and see how to use the verb with example sentences. In the end, everything falls to the ground due to gravity. You, the London Bridge, and apples from a tree all fall to the ground. Our Spanish-speaking friends probably want us to be able to tell their stories about those amazing falling moments when we tell our stories to them.

Using the verb caer in Spanish means “to fall,” and it is possible to use it to describe something that fell in the past. We will look at two different forms of the past tense. The preterite tense in Spanish is used to refer to events that have occurred one time in the past. The verb caer is used here in the preterite tense to describe a singular event that took place in the past when something or someone fell. Let us look at the conjugations of caer for a number of pronouns.

Conjugation Of Caer (Preterite, Subjuntive Reflexive Or Non-reflexive) In Spanish

Caer is the Spanish verb for “to fall down” or “drop”. This is an irregular verb. See how it is conjugated in the major Spanish tenses below!

Caer Conjugation
Caer Conjugation

Similar verbs to caer include caerse.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Infinitive:-}}\)

Spanish: caer

Translation In English: to fall, to fall down

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ participle:-}}\)

Spanish: caído

Translation In English: fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Gerund:-}}\)

Spanish: cayendo

Translation In English: falling

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Indicative Tenses of Caer

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Present

Indicative Present of caer is used to talk about events, situations, or thoughts that happen now or in the near future. Indicative Present of caer is also used to talk about facts and truths. As an example, “caigo en el suelo”, meaning “I fall on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caigo

Translation In English: I fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caes

Translation In English: you fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) cae

Translation In English: she/he fall, you (formal) fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caemos

Translation In English: we fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caéis

Translation In English: you (plural) fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caen

Translation In English: they fall, you (plural formal) fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of caer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. As an example, “caí en el suelo”, meaning “I fell on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caí

Translation In English: I fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caíste

Translation In English: you fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) cayó

Translation In English: she/he fell, you (formal) fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caímos

Translation In English: we fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caísteis

Translation In English: you (plural) fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) cayeron

Translation In English: they fell, you (plural formal) fell

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Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Imperfect

A common use of Indicative Imperfect of caer is to describe regular and repeated actions that have happened in the past or to describe things you used to do. As an example, “caía en el suelo”, meaning “I used to fall on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caía

Translation In English: I used to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caías

Translation In English: you used to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) caía

Translation In English: she/he used to fall, you (formal) used to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caíamos

Translation In English: we used to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caíais

Translation In English: you (plural) used to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caían

Translation In English: they used to fall, you (plural formal) used to fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Present Continuous

Indicative present continuous of caer is used to talk about something that is currently happening. As an example, “estoy cayendo en el suelo”, meaning “I am falling on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) estoy cayendo

Translation In English: I am falling

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) estás cayendo

Translation In English: you are falling

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) está cayendo

Translation In English: she/he is falling, you (formal) are falling

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) estamos cayendo

Translation In English: we are falling

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) estáis cayendo

Translation In English: you (plural) are falling

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) están cayendo

Translation In English: they are falling, you (plural formal) are falling

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Informal Future

Caer’s Indicative Informal Future is used to predict what will happen in the future, particularly in the near future. As an example, “voy a caer en el suelo”, meaning “I am going to fall on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a caer

Translation In English: I am going to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a caer

Translation In English: you are going to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) va a caer

Translation In English: she/he is going to fall, you (formal) are going to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a caer

Translation In English: we are going to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) vais a caer

Translation In English: you (plural) are going to fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) van a caer

Translation In English: they are going to fall, you (plural formal) are going to fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Future

An Indicative Future of caer describes something that will happen in the future. As an example, “caeré en el suelo”, meaning “I will fall on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caeré

Translation In English: I will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caerás

Translation In English: you will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) caerá

Translation In English: she/he will fall, you (formal) will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caeremos

Translation In English: we will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caeréis

Translation In English: you (plural) will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caerán

Translation In English: they will fall, you (plural formal) will fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Conditional

The indicative conditional of caer is used to describe something that may happen in the future, hypotheses, and probabilities. As an example, “caería en el suelo”, meaning “I would fall on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caería

Translation In English: I would fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caerías

Translation In English: you would fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) caería

Translation In English: she/he would fall, you (formal) would fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caeríamos

Translation In English: we would fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caeríais

Translation In English: you (plural) would fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caerían

Translation In English: they would fall, you (plural formal) would fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Present Perfect

Caer’s Indicative Present Perfect describes actions that started recently (in the past) and can still be described today or things that have been done recently. As an example, “he caído en el suelo”, meaning “I have fallen on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) he caído

Translation In English: I have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) has caído

Translation In English: you have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) ha caído

Translation In English: she/he has fallen, you (formal) have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hemos caído

Translation In English: we have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habéis caído

Translation In English: you (plural) have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) han caído

Translation In English: they have fallen, you (plural formal) have fallen

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Past Perfect

Indicative Past Perfect caer is used to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. As an example, “había caído en el suelo”, meaning “I had fallen on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) había caído

Translation In English: I had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habías caído

Translation In English: you had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) había caído

Translation In English: she/he had fallen, you (formal) had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habíamos caído

Translation In English: we had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habíais caído

Translation In English: you (plural) had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habían caído

Translation In English: they had fallen, you (plural formal) had fallen

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Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Future Perfect

Indicative Future Perfect of caer is used to talk about something that will take place in the future after something else has already happened. As an example, “habré caído en el suelo”, meaning “I will have fallen on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habré caído

Translation In English: I will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrás caído

Translation In English: you will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habrá caído

Translation In English: she/he will have fallen, you (formal) will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habremos caído

Translation In English: we will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habréis caído

Translation In English: you (plural) will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrán caído

Translation In English: they will have fallen, you (plural formal) will have fallen

Conjugation Of Caer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of caer refers to something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to other actions. As an example, “habría caído en el suelo”, meaning “I would have fallen on the ground”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habría caído

Translation In English: I would have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrías caído

Translation In English: you would have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habría caído

Translation In English: she/he would have fallen, you (formal) would have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habríamos caído

Translation In English: we would have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habríais caído

Translation In English: you (plural) would have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrían caído

Translation In English: they would have fallen, you (plural formal) would have fallen

Subjunctive Tenses of Caer

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Present

When discussing situations of uncertainty, or when there are strong emotions such as wishes, desires, or hopes, the subjunctive present is used. Due to the uncertainty of the events discussed, it differs from the indicative mood. As an example, “caiga”, means “I fall”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) caiga

Translation In English: I fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) caigas

Translation In English: you fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) caiga

Translation In English: she/he fall, you (formal) fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caigamos

Translation In English: we fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caigáis

Translation In English: you (plural) fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caigan

Translation In English: they fall, you (plural formal) fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

Subjunctive imperfects are used to describe unlikely or uncertain past events, or to express an opinion (emotional) about something that happened. As an example, “cayera”, meaning “I fell”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cayera

Translation In English: I fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cayeras

Translation In English: you fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) cayera

Translation In English: she/he fell, you (formal) fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) cayéramos

Translation In English: we fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) cayerais

Translation In English: you (plural) fell

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) cayeran

Translation In English: they fell, you (plural formal) fell

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Future

Subjunctive Futures are used when discussing hypothetical situations, and actions or events that may occur in the future. As an example, “cayere”, meaning “I will fall”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cayere

Translation In English: I will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cayeres

Translation In English: you will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) cayere

Translation In English: she/he will fall, you (formal) will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) cayéremos

Translation In English: we will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) cayereis

Translation In English: you (plural) will fall

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) cayeren

Translation In English: they will fall, you (plural formal) will fall

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that still have a connection to the present day and to speak of a future event that will have occurred by a certain date in the future. As an example, “haya caído”, means “I have fallen”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) haya caído

Translation In English: I have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hayas caído

Translation In English: you have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) haya caído

Translation In English: she/he has fallen, you (formal) have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hayamos caído

Translation In English: we have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hayáis caído

Translation In English: you (plural) have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hayan caído

Translation In English: they have fallen, you (plural formal) have fallen

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to refer to hypothetical situations and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. As an example, “hubiera caído”, means “I had fallen”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiera caído

Translation In English: I had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieras caído

Translation In English: you had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiera caído

Translation In English: she/he had fallen, you (formal) had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéramos caído

Translation In English: we had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubierais caído

Translation In English: you (plural) had fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieran caído

Translation In English: they had fallen, you (plural formal) had fallen

Conjugation Of Caer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

If a hypothetical event occurs in the future, the subjunctive Future Perfect is used to describe what will have happened. As an example, “hubiere caído”, meaning “I will have fallen”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiere caído

Translation In English: I will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieres caído

Translation In English: you will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiere caído

Translation In English: she/he will have fallen, you (formal) will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéremos caído

Translation In English: we will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubiereis caído

Translation In English: you (plural) will have fallen

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieren caído

Translation In English: they will have fallen, you (plural formal) will have fallen

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Imperative Tenses of Caer

Conjugation Of Caer in the Imperative Affirmative

An Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders or commands, to tell someone what to do. As an example, “caiga”, meaning “(to you formal) fall!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cae

Translation In English: (to you) fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) caiga

Translation In English: (to you formal) fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) caigamos

Translation In English: let’s fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) caed

Translation In English: (to you plural) fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) caigan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) fall!

Conjugation Of Caer in the Imperative Negative

In the Imperative Negative, one gives orders and commands, telling anyone not to do something. As an example, “no caiga”, meaning “(to you formal) don’t fall!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no caigas

Translation In English: (to you) don’t fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) no caiga

Translation In English: (to you formal) don’t fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) no caigamos

Translation In English: let’s not fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) no caigáis

Translation In English: (to you plural) don’t fall!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) no caigan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) don’t fall!

FAQs

What is the verb caer in Spanish?

The Spanish Verb Caer means “to fall,” and it is usually reflexive when a subject is a real person or thing.

Is Caer a stem changer?

First, you need to know that caer is a stem-changing verb, so you will be presented with some irregular patterns in the present, imperfect, and preterite tense. In terms of usage, it is a fairly straightforward word.

Is Caer reflexive?

Caer and its reflexive form, caerse, mean much the same thing and can even be translated the same way, typically as “to fall.” But the reflexive form of some verbs, including caer, can be (but isn’t always) used to suggest that action was unexpected or accidental rather than deliberate.

What is the difference between Caer and Caerse?

Caer and its reflexive form, caerse, mean much the same thing and can even be translated the same way, typically as “to fall.” But the reflexive form of some verbs, including caer, can be (but isn’t always) used to suggest that action was unexpected or accidental rather than deliberate.

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