In Spanish, the conjugation of the verb cenar means to eat dinner or to have dinner. In fact, this is a regular -ar verb, caminar, or parar. We have included in this article cenar conjugations in the present, past, and future indicative, and the present and past subjunctive, as well as the imperative mood. There are also other verb forms like the gerund and present participle that can be used.

The verb cenar can be used wherever you want to describe something that is related to eating dinner, having dinner, or dining. I think it’s similar to the verbs desayunar (to have breakfast) and almorzar (to have lunch). This means there is a single verb that signifies eating a certain meal, unlike in English where you have to use the verb to eat followed by the specific meal.

Cenar Conjugation
Cenar Conjugation

You can also use the verb cenar as an intransitive verb, as in Ella Cena en el restaurant (She eats dinner at the restaurant) or Nosotros cenamos temprano (We start eating dinner early). In addition, you can also use cenar as a transitive verb, where the direct object refers to what you eat for dinner, as in Me gusta cenar pasta (I like to have pasta for dinner).

Conjugation Of Cenar Verb (Present, Past, Preterite, Subjunctive & Future Tense) In Spanish

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Present Indicative Tense

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) ceno

Translation In English: I have dinner

Example In Spanish: Yo ceno con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cenas

Translation In English: You have dinner

Example In Spanish: Tú cenas en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) cena

Translation In English: You/he/she has dinner

Example In Spanish: Ella cena en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenamos

Translation In English: We have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nosotros cenamos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenáis

Translation In English: You have dinner

Example In Spanish: Vosotros cenáis muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) cenan

Translation In English: You/they have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ellos cenan a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Preterite Indicative Tense

You can find two past tense conjugations in Spanish: the preterite and the imperfect. Preterit refers to actions or events that have been completed or that occur in the past and have a defined ending.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cené

Translation In English: I had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Yo cené con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cenaste

Translation In English: You had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Tú cenaste en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenó

Translation In English: You/he/she had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Ella cenó en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenamos

Translation In English: We had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Nosotros cenamos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenasteis

Translation In English: You had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Vosotros cenasteis muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) cenaron

Translation In English: You/they had dinner.

Example In Spanish: Ellos cenaron a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Imperfect Indicative Tense

There are a number of reasons to use the imperfect tense when referring to background events and ongoing or habitual actions from the past. Basically, it can be translated to English as “used to eat dinner” or “was eating dinner.”

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cenaba

Translation In English: I used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Yo cenaba con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cenabas

Translation In English: You used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Tú cenabas en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenaba

Translation In English: You/he/she used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ella cenaba en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenábamos

Translation In English: We used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nosotros cenábamos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenabais

Translation In English: You used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Vosotros cenabais muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) cenaban

Translation In English: You/they used to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ellos cenaban a las 7 p.m.

CConjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Future Indicative Tense

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cenaré

Translation In English: I will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Yo cenaré con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cenarás

Translation In English: You will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Tú cenarás en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenará

Translation In English: You/he/she will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ella cenará en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenaremos

Translation In English: We will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nosotros cenaremos comida china

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenaréis

Translation In English: You will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Vosotros cenaréis muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) cenarán

Translation In English: You/they will have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ellos cenarán a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Periphrastic Future Indicative Tense

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a cenar

Translation In English: I am going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Yo voy a cenar con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a cenar

Translation In English: You are going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Tú vas a cenar en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) va a cenar

Translation In English: You/he/she is going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ella va a cenar en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a cenar

Translation In English: We are going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vamos a cenar comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vais a cenar

Translation In English: You are going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vais a cenar muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) van a cenar

Translation In English: You/they are going to have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ellos van a cenar a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Conditional Indicative Tense

We use the conditional tense of speech when discussing conjectures or possibilities. For example, Cenaría en casa si tuviera comida (I would eat dinner at home if I had food). You will see that there is always an accent mark on the * in the conditional endings.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) cenaría

Translation In English: I would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Yo cenaría con mi familia si vivieran cerca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cenarías

Translation In English: You would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Tú cenarías en tu apartamento si tuvieras comida.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenaría

Translation In English: You/he/she would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ella cenaría en el restaurante, pero es muy caro.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenaríamos

Translation In English: We would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nosotros cenaríamos comida china si nos gustara.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenaríais

Translation In English: You would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Vosotros cenaríais muy tarde, pero os da hambre temprano.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) cenarían

Translation In English: You/they would have dinner

Example In Spanish: Ellos cenarían a las 7 p.m., pero deben marcharse.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Present Progressive Tense/Gerund Form

In order to form the present participle or gerund of regular -ar verbs, you need to add the suffix -ando. The present participle is used to form progressive tenses such as the present progressive, one of the uses of the present participle.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Cenar:-}}\) está cenando

Example In Spanish: Ella está cenando en el restaurante.

Translation In English: She is having dinner.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Past Participle Tense

If you want to form the past participle of the -ar verb, you’ll need the ending -ado. A past participle can be used to form compound tenses such as the present perfect, which is a compound tense.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Perfect\ of\ Cenar:-}}\) ha cenado

Example In Spanish: Ella ha cenado en el restaurante.

Translation In English: She has had dinner.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Present Subjunctive Tense

You need the subjunctive mood when you want to talk about subjective situations such as emotions, doubts, desires, and possibilities. When a sentence has two clauses, the subjunctive mood is used: the main clause has a verb in the indicative mood, and the subordinate clause has a verb in the subjunctive mood.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) cene

Translation In English: That I have dinner

Example In Spanish: Danish quiere que yo cene con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) cenes

Translation In English: That you have dinner

Example In Spanish: David quiere que tú cenes en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) cene

Translation In English: That you/he/she have dinner

Example In Spanish: Justin quiere que ella cene en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)cenemos

Translation In English: That we have dinner

Example In Spanish: Robert quiere que nosotros cenemos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) cenéis

Translation In English: That you have dinner

Example In Spanish: Nikki quiere que vosotros cenéis muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)cenen

Translation In English: That you/they have dinner

Example In Spanish: Marcos quiere que ellos cenen a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Imperfect Subjunctive Tense

When using the imperfect subjunctive, it is similar to that of the present subjunctive, except that it is used in situations that occurred in the past rather than the present. It is possible to conjugate the imperfect subjunctive in two ways.

Type: 1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) cenara

Translation In English: That I had dinner

Example In Spanish: Danish quería que yo cenara con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) cenaras

Translation In English: That you had dinner

Example In Spanish: David quería que tú cenaras en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenara

Translation In English: That you/he/she had dinner

Example In Spanish: Justin quería que ella cenara en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)cenáramos

Translation In English: That we had dinner

Example In Spanish: Robert quería que nosotros cenáramos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) cenarais

Translation In English: That you had dinner

Example In Spanish: Nikki quería que vosotros cenarais muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)cenaran

Translation In English: That you/they had dinner

Example In Spanish: Marcos quería que ellos cenaran a las 7 p.m.

Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) cenase

Translation In English: That I had dinner

Example In Spanish: Danish quería que yo cenase con mi familia.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) cenases

Translation In English: That you had dinner

Example In Spanish: David quería que tú cenases en tu apartamento.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) cenase

Translation In English: That you/he/she had dinner

Example In Spanish: Justin quería que ella cenase en el restaurante.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)cenásemos

Translation In English: That we had dinner

Example In Spanish: Robert quería que nosotros cenásemos comida china.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) cenaseis

Translation In English: That you had dinner

Example In Spanish: Nikki quería que vosotros cenaseis muy tarde.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)cenasen

Translation In English: That you/they had dinner

Example In Spanish: Marcos quería que ellos cenasen a las 7 p.m.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Cenar in Imperative Tense

It is used to give direct orders or commands using the imperative mood. Therefore, there are commands for all the persons except for the first-person singular yo and third-person él, ella, ellos, ellas. You will notice that the affirmative and the negative commands differ for tu and for vosotros.

Positive Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) cena

Translation In English: Have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡Cena en tu apartamento!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) cene

Translation In English: Have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡Cene en el restaurante!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) cenemos

Translation In English: Let’s have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡Cenemos comida china!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) cenad

Translation In English: Have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡Cenad muy tarde!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) cenen

Translation In English: Have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡Cenen a las 7 p.m.!

Negative Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no cenes

Translation In English: Don’t have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡No cenes en tu apartamento!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) no cene

Translation In English: Don’t have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡No cene en el restaurante!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) no cenemos

Translation In English: Let’s not have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡No cenemos comida china!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) no cenéis

Translation In English: Don’t have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡No cenéis muy tarde!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) no cenen

Translation In English: Don’t have dinner!

Example In Spanish: ¡No cenen a las 7 p.m.!

FAQs

What is the meaning of cenar?

to eat; to eat dinner or supper.

What is the Spanish verb for “to sell”?

Vender is a Spanish regular er verb meaning to sell.

What is the participle for vender?

The Past Participle of the Spanish verb vender is vendido means sold.

How do you use cenar in Spanish?

The verb cenar means ‘to have dinner’. Although in English we use the expression ‘have dinner’, in Spanish we only need to use a single word.