There would be no beginnings in Spanish without the Comenzar Verb Conjugation (to start, to begin)! In this article, we will learn how to construct the present tense, as well as the preterite, a specific past tense, of ‘comenzar’. Every year, do you make New Year’s resolutions? Continue reading, you will be thrilled to hear from someone with the same enthusiasm for new beginnings as you!

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How To Use Comenzar Conjugation In Present, Preterite, Subjunctive & Imperfect Tenses

Comenzar is the Spanish verb for “to start, to commence, to begin”. This is an irregular verb. Check out the 18 major Spanish tenses below to see how it is conjugated!

Comenzar Conjugation
Comenzar Conjugation

Similar verbs to comenzar include: empezar, iniciar.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Infinitive:-}}\)

Spanish: comenzar

Translation In English: to start, to commence, to begin

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ participle:-}}\)

Spanish: comenzado

Translation In English: started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Gerund:-}}\)

Spanish: comenzando

Translation In English: starting

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Indicative Tenses of Comenzar Conjugation

Comenzar in the Indicative Present

When we use the Present Indicative of comenzar, we are referring to things that are happening now or that are coming up soon. It is also used to refer to facts and truths. As an example, “comienzo el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I start the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comienzo

Translation In English: I start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comienzas

Translation In English: you start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comienza

Translation In English: she/he start, you (formal) start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzamos

Translation In English: we start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzáis

Translation In English: you (plural) start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comienzan

Translation In English: they start, you (plural formal) start

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Comenzar Conjugation in the Indicative Preterite

Indicative Preterite of comenzar refers to actions completed in the past, at a specific time in the past.

As an example, “comencé el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I started the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comencé

Translation In English: I started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comenzaste

Translation In English: you started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzó

Translation In English: she/he started, you (formal) started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzamos

Translation In English: we started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzasteis

Translation In English: you (plural) started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzaron

Translation In English: they started, you (plural formal) started

Comenzar Conjugation in the Indicative Imperfect

Using the Indicative Imperfect of Comenzar, you can describe things that happened in the past or things you used to do.

As an example, “comenzaba el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I used to start the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comenzaba

Translation In English: I used to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comenzabas

Translation In English: you used to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzaba

Translation In English: she/he used to start, you (formal) used to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzábamos

Translation In English: we used to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzabais

Translation In English: you (plural) used to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzaban

Translation In English: they used to start, you (plural formal) used to start

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Comenzar Conjugation in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of comenzar is used when talking about something that is currently happening.

As an example, “estoy comenzando el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I am starting the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) estoy comenzando

Translation In English: I am starting

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) estás comenzando

Translation In English: you are starting

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) está comenzando

Translation In English: she/he is starting, you are starting (formally)

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) estamos comenzando

Translation In English: we are starting

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) estáis comenzando

Translation In English: you (plural) are starting

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) están comenzando

Translation In English: they are starting, you (plural formal) are starting

Comenzar Conjugation in the Indicative Informal Future

Indicative Informal Future of comenzar is used to talk about something that will take place in the future, especially in the near future.

As an example, “voy a comenzar el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I am going to start the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a comenzar

Translation In English: I am going to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a comenzar

Translation In English: you are going to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) va a comenzar

Translation In English: she/he is going to start, you (formal) are going to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a comenzar

Translation In English: we are going to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) vais a comenzar

Translation In English: you (plural) are going to start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) van a comenzar

Translation In English: they are going to start, you (plural formal) are going to start

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Comenzar Conjugation in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comenzar is used to describe something that is going to happen in the future.

As an example, “comenzaré el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I will start the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comenzaré

Translation In English: I will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comenzarás

Translation In English: you will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzará

Translation In English: she/he will start, you (formal) will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzaremos

Translation In English: we will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzaréis

Translation In English: you (plural) will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzarán

Translation In English: they will start, you (plural formal) will start

Comenzar in the Indicative Conditional

Using the Indicative Conditional of Comenzar, we can talk about something that will probably happen in the future, hypotheses, and probabilities.

As an example, “comenzaría el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I would start the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comenzaría

Translation In English: I would start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comenzarías

Translation In English: you would start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzaría

Translation In English: she/he would start, you (formal) would start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzaríamos

Translation In English: we would start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzaríais

Translation In English: you (plural) would start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzarían

Translation In English: they would start, you (plural formal) would start

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Comenzar in the Indicative Present Perfect

Indicative Present Perfect of comenzar is used to describe actions that started (in the past) and are currently happening or things that have been completed recently.

Using the example, “he comenzado el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I have started the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) he comenzado

Translation In English: I have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) has comenzado

Translation In English: you have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) ha comenzado

Translation In English: she/he has started, you (formal) have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hemos comenzado

Translation In English: we have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habéis comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) han comenzado

Translation In English: they have started, you (plural formal) have started

Comenzar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comenzar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past.

For example, “había comenzado el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I had started the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) había comenzado

Translation In English: I had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habías comenzado

Translation In English: you had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) había comenzado

Translation In English: she/he had started, you (formal) had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habíamos comenzado

Translation In English: we had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habíais comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habían comenzado

Translation In English: they had started, you (plural formal) had started

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Comenzar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comenzar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened.

As an example, “habré comenzado el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I will have started the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habré comenzado

Translation In English: I will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrás comenzado

Translation In English: you will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habrá comenzado

Translation In English: she/he will have started, you (formal) will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habremos comenzado

Translation In English: we will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habréis comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrán comenzado

Translation In English: they will have started, you (plural formal) will have started

Comenzar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

Indicative Conditional Perfect of begin describes something that would have happened in the future but did not due to another action.

As an example, “habría comenzado el día con el desayuno”, meaning “I would have started the day with breakfast”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habría comenzado

Translation In English: I would have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrías comenzado

Translation In English: you would have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habría comenzado

Translation In English: she/he would have started, you (formal) would have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habríamos comenzado

Translation In English: we would have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habríais comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) would have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrían comenzado

Translation In English: they would have started, you (plural formal) would have started

Subjunctive Tenses of Comenzar Conjugation

Comenzar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present of comenzar is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires, and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events being discussed. For example, “comience”, means “I start”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comience

Translation In English: I start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comiences

Translation In English: you start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comience

Translation In English: she/he start, you (formal) start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comencemos

Translation In English: we start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comencéis

Translation In English: you (plural) start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comiencen

Translation In English: they start, you (plural formal) start

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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to express an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, “comenzara”, means “I started”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comenzara

Translation In English: I started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comenzaras

Translation In English: you started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzara

Translation In English: she/he started, you (formal) started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzáramos

Translation In English: we started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzarais

Translation In English: you (plural) started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzaran

Translation In English: they started, you (plural formal) started

Comenzar in the Subjunctive Future

Subjunctive Future of comenzar is used to discuss hypothetical situations and events that might occur in the future. For example, “comenzare”, meaning “I will start”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) comenzare

Translation In English: I will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú comenzares:-}}\)

Translation In English: you will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comenzare

Translation In English: she/he will start, you (formal) will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comenzáremos

Translation In English: we will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzareis

Translation In English: you (plural) will start

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comenzaren

Translation In English: they will start, you (plural formal) will start

Comenzar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, “haya comenzado”, means “I have started”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) haya comenzado

Translation In English: I have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hayas comenzado

Translation In English: you have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) haya comenzado

Translation In English: she/he has started, you (formal) have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hayamos comenzado

Translation In English: we have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hayáis comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hayan comenzado

Translation In English: they have started, you (plural formal) have started

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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, “hubiera comenzado”, means “I had started”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiera comenzado

Translation In English: I had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieras comenzado

Translation In English: you had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiera comenzado

Translation In English: she/he had started, you (formal) had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéramos comenzado

Translation In English: we had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubierais comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) had started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieran comenzado

Translation In English: they had started, you (plural formal) had started

Comenzar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situation occurs in the future. For example, “hubiere comenzado”, meaning “I will have started”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiere comenzado

Translation In English: I will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieres comenzado

Translation In English: you will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiere comenzado

Translation In English: she/he will have started, you (formal) will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéremos comenzado

Translation In English: we will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubiereis comenzado

Translation In English: you (plural) will have started

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieren comenzado

Translation In English: they will have started, you (plural formal) will have started

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Imperative Tenses of Comenzar Conjugation

Comenzar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, “comience”, meaning “(to you formal) start!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) – –

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) comienza

Translation In English: (to you) start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) comience

Translation In English: (to you formal) start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) comencemos

Translation In English: let’s start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) comenzad

Translation In English: (to you plural) start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) comiencen

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) start!

Comenzar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, “no comience”, meaning “(to you formal) don’t start!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) – –

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no comiences (to you)

Translation In English: don’t start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) no comience (to you formal)

Translation In English: don’t start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) no comencemos

Translation In English: let’s not start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) no comencéis

Translation In English: (to you plural) don’t start!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) no comiencen

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) don’t start!

FAQs

Is Comenzar regular or irregular?

There is only a coincidence, but the two most common Spanish words for “to begin” are irregular. These verbs begin and begin. Both verbs are stem-changing, meaning that when stressed, the e changes to an ie.

Is Comenzar boot E to IE?

The e-ie boot verb in Spanish means begins/to start. This is the full conjugation vocab set of comenzar.

Is comenzar a verb?

The verb Comenzar means to begin or start something, like a project or process.

What is the preterite tense is used for?

The Spanish preterite tense is used to describe completed actions in the past.

How do you use Comenzar?

Comenzar and empezar are synonyms as they both mean ‘to start/begin. ‘ In Latin America, people use both verbs interchangeably but in Spain people prefer empezar to comenzar because the latter is more formal and more common in writing.

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