# Deber (Regular Spanish Verb) Conjugation In Present, Past & Preterite Tenses

Spanish verb deber conjugation is quite common and can be used to describe an obligation or an event that is likely to occur. It is most commonly used to express that someone has a debt or is obligated to do something. It is possible to use the phrase deber to indicate that something is very likely to happen. Deber is used to indicate that something should have been done in the preterite.

When used in this way, deber is often similar to the English words “must,” “should,” and “ought.” It is sometimes easier to express obligation by using the conditional form instead of the present tense, although the difference can be hard to translate. The conditional can appear more polite when telling someone what they should do.

With a noun direct object, deber can usually be translated as “owe.” You must refer to a strong likelihood. This is often the equivalent of the English “must” when “must” isn’t used to express obligation.

There is a tendency in some areas, especially in speech, to drop the de in sentences such as those above. Nevertheless, doing so would make the sentences ambiguous and out of context. Hence, while “debias de verme” can mean only “you must have seen me,” “debias verme” can mean either “you must have seen me” or “you ought to have seen me.” In that case, you need to understand the context to make sense of what is being said.

In some regions, you may hear deber to express obligation on occasion. Nevertheless, if you are learning the language, you shouldn’t imitate this usage.

To indicate that something should have been done, deber can be used in the preterite tense, equivalent to the simple past tense in English.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Infinitive:-}}$$ deber

Translation In English: to owe, to must, to should

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ participle:-}}$$ debido

Translation In English: owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Gerund:-}}$$ debiendo

Translation In English: owing

## Indicative Tenses of Deber

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Present

It refers to events, situations, or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. Facts and truths can also be discussed with this term.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debo

Translation In English: I owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debes

Translation In English: you owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debe

Translation In English: she/he owe, you (formal) owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debemos

Translation In English: we owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debéis

Translation In English: you (plural) owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$deben

Translation In English: they owe, you (plural formal) owe

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Preterite

Traditionally, the Indicative Preterite of deber is used to talk about actions completed at a particular point in time.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debí

Translation In English: I owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debiste

Translation In English: you owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debió

Translation In English: she/he owed, you (formal) owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debimos

Translation In English: we owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debisteis

Translation In English: you (plural) owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$debieron

Translation In English: they owed, you (plural formal) owed

Poder Conjugation: Present, Past, Future, Imperfect & Conditional Tenses in Spanish

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Imperfect

This indicative imperfect describes regular and repeated actions in the past, and descriptions of things you used to do.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debía

Translation In English: I used to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debías

Translation In English: you used to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debía

Translation In English: she/he used to owe, you (formal) used to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debíamos

Translation In English: we used to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debíais

Translation In English: you (plural) used to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$debían

Translation In English: they used to owe, you (plural formal) used to owe

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Present Continuous

Whenever something is continuous or happening right now, we use the Indicative Present Continuous of duty.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$estoy debiendo

Translation In English: I am owing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$estás debiendo

Translation In English: you are owing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$está debiendo

Translation In English: she/he is owing, you (formal) are owing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$estamos debiendo

Translation In English: we are owing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$estáis debiendo

Translation In English: you (plural) are owing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$están debiendo

Translation In English: they are owing, you (plural formal) are owing

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Informal Future

This form of deber is used to describe something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$voy a deber

Translation In English: I am going to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$vas a deber

Translation In English: you are going to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$va a deber

Translation In English: she/he is going to owe, you (formal) are going to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$vamos a deber

Translation In English: we are going to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$vais a deber

Translation In English: you (plural) are going to owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$van a deber

Translation In English: they are going to owe, you (plural formal) are going to owe

Present Participles in Spanish: Principles, Examples & More

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Future

An Indicative Future of deber talks about something that will happen in the future.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$deberé

Translation In English: I will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$deberás

Translation In English: you will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$deberá

Translation In English: she/he will owe, you (formal) will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$deberemos

Translation In English: we will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$deberéis

Translation In English: you (plural) will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$deberán

Translation In English: they will owe, you (plural formal) will owe

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of Deber refers to things that may happen in the future, hypotheses and probabilities.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debería

Translation In English: I would owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$deberías

Translation In English: you would owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debería

Translation In English: she/he would owe, you (formal) would owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$deberíamos

Translation In English: we would owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$deberíais

Translation In English: you (plural) would owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$deberían

Translation In English: they would owe, you (plural formal) would owe

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Present Perfect

Using the Indicative Present Perfect of deber describes activities that began recently (in the past) and are occurring now or things that have just been done.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$he debido

Translation In English: I have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$has debido

Translation In English: you have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$ha debido

Translation In English: she/he has owed, you (formal) have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hemos debido

Translation In English: we have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habéis debido

Translation In English: you (plural) have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$han debido

Translation In English: they have owed, you (plural formal) have owed

### Deber Conjugation In The Indicative Past Perfect

Indicative Past Perfect is used to talk about actions that occurred before the current action.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$había debido

Translation In English: I had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habías debido

Translation In English: you had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$había debido

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habíamos debido

Translation In English: we had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habíais debido

Translation In English: you (plural) had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habían debido

Tener- “to be”: Spanish Verb Conjugation In Present, Past, Future Tenses

### Deber In The Indicative Future Perfect

Deber uses the Indicative Future Perfect to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already taken place.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$habré debido

Translation In English: I will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habrás debido

Translation In English: you will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$habrá debido

Translation In English: she/he will have owed, you (formal) will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habremos debido

Translation In English: we will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habréis debido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habrán debido

Translation In English: they will have owed, you (plural formal) will have owed

### Deber In The Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of Deber is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but did not because of another action.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$habría debido

Translation In English: I would have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habrías debido

Translation In English: you would have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$habría debido

Translation In English: she/he would have owed, you (formal) would have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habríamos debido

Translation In English: we would have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habríais debido

Translation In English: you (plural) would have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habrían debido

Translation In English: they would have owed, you (plural formal) would have owed

## Subjunctive Tenses of Deber

### Deber Conjugation In The Subjunctive Present

A subjunctive present is used to describe uncertain situations or emotions, such as wishes, desires, and hopes. Due to the uncertainty of the events being discussed, it differs from the indicative mood.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$deba

Translation In English: I owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debas

Translation In English: you owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$deba

Translation In English: she/he owe, you (formal) owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debamos

Translation In English: we owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debáis

Translation In English: you (plural) owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$deban

Translation In English: they owe, you (plural formal) owe

### Deber Conjugation In The Subjunctive Imperfect

It is used to describe unlikely or uncertain past events or to express an opinion (emotional) about them.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debiera

Translation In English: I owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debieras

Translation In English: you owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debiera

Translation In English: she/he owed, you (formal) owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debiéramos

Translation In English: we owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debierais

Translation In English: you (plural) owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$debieran

Translation In English: they owed, you (plural formal) owed

### Deber In The Subjunctive Future

In the Subjunctive Future, hypothetical situations and future actions/events can be discussed.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$debiere

Translation In English: I will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debieres

Translation In English: you will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$debiere

Translation In English: she/he will owe, you (formal) will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debiéremos

Translation In English: we will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debiereis

Translation In English: you (plural) will owe

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$debieren

Translation In English: they will owe, you (plural formal) will owe

Conjugation Of Tocar Verb (Preterite, Subjunctive & Imperfect Tenses) In Spanish

### Deber Conjugation In The Subjunctive Present Perfect

When describing past actions or events that are still relevant to the present day or when describing an action that will take place in the future, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is used.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$haya debido

Translation In English: I have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hayas debido

Translation In English: you have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$haya debido

Translation In English: she/he has owed, you (formal) have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hayamos debido

Translation In English: we have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hayáis debido

Translation In English: you (plural) have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hayan debido

Translation In English: they have owed, you (plural formal) have owed

### Deber Conjugation In The Subjunctive Past Perfect

Subjunctive Past Perfect refers to hypothetical situations and actions/events that took place before other actions/events.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$hubiera debido

Translation In English: I had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hubieras debido

Translation In English: you had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$hubiera debido

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hubiéramos debido

Translation In English: we had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hubierais debido

Translation In English: you (plural) had owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hubieran debido

### Deber In The Subjunctive Future Perfect

In the Subjunctive Future Perfect, something will have happened if a hypothetical situation occurs in the future.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$hubiere debido

Translation In English: I will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hubieres debido

Translation In English: you will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$hubiere debido

Translation In English: she/he will have owed, you (formal) will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hubiéremos debido

Translation In English: we will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hubiereis debido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have owed

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hubieren debido

Translation In English: they will have owed, you (plural formal) will have owed

How To Use Irse Verb Conjugation (Preterite, Subjuntive) In Spanish?

## Imperative Tenses of Deber

### Deber Conjugation In The Imperative Affirmative

Imperative Affirmatives are used to give orders and commands to others.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$debe

Translation In English: (to you) owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$deba

Translation In English: (to you formal) owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$debamos

Translation In English: let’s owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$debed

Translation In English: (to you plural) owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$deban

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) owe!

### Deber Conjugation In The Imperative Negative

An Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$no debas

Translation In English: (to you) don’t owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$no deba

Translation In English: (to you formal) don’t owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$no debamos

Translation In English: let’s not owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$no debáis

Translation In English: (to you plural) don’t owe!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$no deban

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) don’t owe!

Repetir Conjugation – Definition & Preterite

## FAQs

What is the verb deber?

The everyday verb deber is most often used to express that someone has a debt or is obligated to do something. The phrase deber de can be used to indicate that something is highly probable. In the preterite, deber is used to indicate that something should have been done.

Is Deber an irregular verb?

Deber is a completely regular verb.

Is deber a reflexive verb?

The reflexive pronoun can either be placed before the verbs ‘poder’ or ‘deber’ or it can be added to the infinitive reflexive verb.

How do you use deber infinitive?

In Spanish, DEBER + Infinitive is used to express obligation, responsibility, or necessity.