Dormir Conjugation: Spanish, French, Preterite
Dormir Conjugation: No matter where you are, you’re going to need sleep. If you’re with Spanish speakers, you’ll want to know how to talk about it. Rather than inventing new words or gesturing, this lesson will help you say exactly what you want to say when talking about sleep in the present. Ah, sleep! So essential to life, and at times so elusive to some of us! At one time or another, you may find yourself talking about your sleeping habits with friends. For this lesson, we’ll see how that is done in Spanish with the verb dormir (pronounced dor-MEER), ‘to sleep’.
Perhaps one never misses sleep more than when a new life has been added to a family. To understand dormir in context, let’s look at an example. You see your friend Mariana with her new baby. Like any new mother, Mariana’s sleep patterns have changed, and you both want to talk about it.
Dormir Conjugation French
When we add -s to the third person singular form in the present tense, that is conjugation. Here are some of the basic things you need to know about conjugation in French. Verbs are action words (to run, to dance, to eat / courir, danser, manger).
If French is the first foreign language you have studied, the term “conjugation” may be new to you. Conjugation is very important in French because verbs change their form to match the subject of the sentence. For most verbs, there are six different forms you could use depending on the subject the verb is paired with! Subject pronouns are compulsory in French even if the form of the verb sometimes tells who or what you are talking about – so it is especially important to conjugate your verbs correctly.
Subject pronouns are also compulsory in French because sometimes the verb has the same pronunciation for various subjects but not the same spelling.
We conjugate verbs in English, too, but it’s a little simpler. When we add -s to the third person singular form in the present tense, that is conjugation.
Here are some of the basic things you need to know about conjugation in French.
Verbs are action words (to run, to dance, to eat / courir, danser, manger).
The basic, unconjugated form of the verb is called the infinitif. In English, the infinitive is the form that is preceded by “to.” In French, it is the form that ends in –er, -ir, -oir, or -re.
When we put a verb with a subject in a sentence, we need to change it to match the subject. In English, we do this by adding an -s to the third person singular form. In French, we usually do this by removing the er/ir/oir/re ending and replacing it with an ending to match the subject.
I run. Je cours.
You run. Tu cours.
She runs. Elle court.
We run. Nous courons.
They run. Ils courent.
We also use conjugation to express when an action occurs – in the past, present, or future. In English, we make a verb future tense by adding will before the verb. In French, we do this by using an entirely new set of endings.
I will run. Je courirai.
You will run. Tu couriras.
She will run. Elle courira.
We will run. Nous courirons.
They will run. Ils couriront.
You’ll learn about how to conjugate verbs in the present tense, future tense, and many more tenses later on. But now, you at least know the basic terminology!
Dormir Conjugation Spanish
In general, in order to use a Spanish verb in a sentence, you must change the ending of the verb to correspond with the subject. We call this conjugation. If you think of a verb as a power tool like a drill, that has different bits at the end that you can attach for different tasks, then you have the idea of conjugation. Let’s look at the example with the regular verb vivir (to live).
Yo vivo en Los Angeles. (I live in Los Angeles.)
Tú vives en Nueva York. (You live in New York.)
For each example, the only part of the verb that changes is the ending, the part that originally ended in -ir.
VERB: Dormir (dor-MEER) – to sleepBecause dormir is a stem-changing verb, instead of just changing the ending, or the drill bit, you actually have to change more of the spelling of the verb. In the stem of the verb, the -o changes to -ue for most of the conjugations. It would be like switching out your battery for the power plug to use the drill. It’s essentially the same tool with the same parts, you just needed to do a little extra to the drill itself for the task at hand. Let’s see how that looks.
Dormir Preterite Conjugation
Sleep is important. Getting a good night’s sleep makes going to work the next day so much easier. The verb dormir (dor-MEER) means ‘to sleep’ in Spanish. In this lesson, we will learn two ways to conjugate dormir, in the preterite and imperfect tenses, as well as how to create the past participle of dormir.
The preterite tense is used to talk about things that happened in the immediate past or short term past. The verb dormir is regular in the preterite tense for all pronouns except the third person singular and plural. These pronouns have an -o to -u shift.
Spanish tense Name: Pretérito Mode: Indicative
Personal Pronoun Conjugation
Pronoun Preterite Tense Pronunciation Translation
yo dormí dor-MEE I slept
tú dormiste dor-MEE-stay You (informal) slept
él, ella, usted durmió dur-mee-OH He, she, you (formal) slept
nosotras dormimos dor-MEE-mose We slept
vosotras dormisteis dor-mee-STAY-ees You (plural, informal) slept
ustedes durmieron dur-mee-EH-rone They (male, female), you (plural, informal) slept
Examples in the Preterite
Here are some examples of dormir in preterite tense:
- Dormí muy bien anoche porque compré un colchón nuevo. (I slept very well last night because I bought a new mattress.)
- ¿Cómo dormiste en esa cama chiquita? (How did you sleep in that very small bed?)
- Dormimos en bolsas de dormir cuando fuimos camping. (We slept in sleeping bags when we went camping.)