Lire Verb as Conjugation: ‘Lire’ is a verb in French that represents ‘to read’ in English. This article will show you how to work that verb. We’ll look at common conditions where you might get it, outlook the conjugation, and rehearse a few sentences with the verb. You’re having a great semester abroad in Paris, and you especially love stopping off at a kiosk to purchase the newspaper.
Your friend Robert from the class looks you at the kiosk and urges if you read the newspaper: Ah, tu lis (pronounced: too lee) le journal? You respond that yes, you read the newspaper: Oui, je lis (pronounced: zhuh lee) le journal. He then explains to you that he, too, reads the paper, and he especially reads the French newspaper, Le Monde: Moi aussi, je lis le journal. Je lis Le Monde.
The French word lire means to read.
You then see a company of friends come up to the kiosk and ask for the booklet Paris Match. Vous lisez (pronounced: voo lee-zay) Paris Match? (‘Do you read Paris Match’?’) They respond that yes, they read Paris Match a lot: Oui, nous lisons (pronounced: noo lee-zohn) beaucoup Paris Match!
Did you detect the forms of lire (pronounced: leer) that are practiced? Lire, which means ‘to read,’ is the infinitive form of the verb–the basic, generic form. When we practice it with a pronoun such as je to say ‘I read‘ or ‘I am reading,’ we use the relevant form, or conjugation: je lis.
Lire, “to read,” is an irregular French –re verb. Some -er verbs, while being irregular still accept definite patterns, such as prendre (to take) and battre (to beat) or verbs that finish in -aindre, -eindre, and -oindre.
Thanks to detectable patterns, these verbs are a little simpler to conjugate. Sadly, lire is not in any of these categories. It’s one of the remarkably irregular -re verbs with such unexpected conjugations that you just have to remind it separately.
Other verbs with singular conjugations incorporate
- absoudre (to absolve)
- boire (to drink)
- clore (to close)
- conclure (to conclude)
- conduire (to drive)
- confire (to give it)
- connaître (to know)
- coudre (to sew)
- croire (to believe)
- dire (to say)
- écrire (to write)
- faire (to make)
- inscrire (to inscribe)
- moudre (to grind)
- naître (to be born)
- plaire (to please)
- rire (to laugh)
- suivre (to follow)
- vivre (to live)
Try performing on one verb a day until you’ve understood them all.
‘Lire’ in Present Indicative
Now, see at the verb conjugation in the present tense for all the forms. It the conjugation chart for lire:
‘Lire’ in Compound Past Indicative
The passé composé is a past tense that can be transformed as the simple past or the present perfect. For the verb lire, it is created with the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle lu.
‘Lire’ in Imperfect Indicative
Another form of past tense, but it is used to talk about repeated processes in the past. L’imparfait of the verb lire can be translated to English as “was reading,” “would read,” or “used to read,” although it can sometimes also be translated as the simple “read,” depending on the context.
‘Lire’ in Simple Future Indicative
To talk about the future in English, in most cases we simply add the modal verb “will.” In French, however, the future tense is created by adding different endings to the infinitive.
‘Lire’ in Near Future Indicative
Other form of the future tense in the near future, the futur proche, which is the equivalent of the English “going to + verb.” In French, the near future is created with the present tense conjugation of the verb aller (to go) + the infinitive (lire).
‘Lire’ in Conditional
The conditional mood in French is identical to the English “would + verb.” Notice that the finishes it adds to the infinitive are very similar to those in the imperfect indicative.
‘Lire’ in Present Subjunctive
The subjunctive mood conjugation of lire, that comes in after the expression que + person, looks same like the present indicative and past imperfect.
‘Lire’ in Imperative
The imperative mood is worked to show demands, requests, direct exclamations, or to give commands, both positive and negative. They have the same verb form, but the negative commands include ne_pas, ne_plus, or ne_jamais around the verb.
‘Lire’ in Present Participle/Gerund
One of the uses of the present participle is to form the gerund (generally preceded by the preposition en), which can be taken to talk about simultaneous processes. Otherwise, the present participle is also used as a verb, adjective, or a noun.
Présent Participle/Gerund of Lire: lisant
Example: Tu peux vérifier cela en lisant les étiquettes.
You can get proof of this by reading the labels.