It’s going to be a fun weekend getaway! This weekend is a free travel weekend for your study abroad program in France. It is up to each of you to arrange your own trips, so there will be no field trips organized! When will you depart? Marie asks you: “Am I leaving at 8:30?”. You reply: “Je pars” (pronounced zhuh par) “à 8h30.”.

Jasmine is taking a train later in the morning, and she’ll leave at 11:00. ‘Je pars à 11h00,’ she says.

David and Michael overhear your plans for the weekend, and they join in the conversation. ‘Nous partons’ (pronounced: noo par tohn) ‘à 11h00 aussi.’ (‘We’re leaving at 11:00 too.’)

What about Marc? He’s leaving really early in the morning: Il part (pronounced: eel par) à 6h00.

Have you noticed the forms of starting used here? Partir is the infinitive form of the verb or its basic, generic form. To use it with a pronoun such as je, we use the appropriate form or conjugation: je pars.

In this article, we will examine the verb conjugation in the present tense for all the forms.

How To Use Partir Conjugation In Preterite, Subjunctive & Imperfect Tenses

Partir is one of the most common French verbs that means “to leave,” but it can also mean other things. If you want to use start in conversations, you will need to learn how to conjugate it.

Partir Conjugation
Partir Conjugation

Partir is an irregular verb, so it doesn’t follow common patterns in French. As a result, you will need to memorize it in all its forms. You’ll learn it over time and, luckily, the start is so common that you’ll have plenty of opportunities to practice.

Partir is not the only conjugation in its conjugations, however. Most French verbs ending in -mir, -tir, or -vir are conjugated the same way. Once you learn one, learning each new verb becomes easier.

In this article, you will find conjugations of parte in the present, present progressive, compound past, imperfect, simple future, near future indicative, the conditional, and the present subjunctive, as well as imperatives and gerunds.

The Many Meanings of Partir

  • Partir most commonly refers to “to leave” in the general sense of leaving a place. It is the opposite of arriver (to arrive).
  • Partir has a few other meanings as well. For example, it can be used to indicate “to shoot” or “to fire”.
  • Partir can also be translated as “to start” or “to get off to”.
  • Partier is a semi-auxiliary, which means that in some situations, it can be used in the same way as être or avoir.
  • As a euphemism, partir means “to die” or “to pass away”.

Partir With Prepositions

The verb Partir is intransitive, which means it cannot be followed by a direct object. You can follow it with a preposition and an indefinite object (e.g., destination or point/purpose of departure), or with a day, time, or another modifier:

Example: Ils partent de Paris demain.

Translation In English: They’re leaving (from) Paris tomorrow.

Example: Quand vas-tu partir à la chasse ?

Translation In English: When are you leaving to go hunting?

Example: Il est parti pour l’université.

Translation In English: He left to college / went to college.

Example: On va partir demain.

Translation In English: We’re going to leave tomorrow.

Additionally, partir can have different meanings depending on the preposition that follows it.

  • Partir à + infinitive means “to start” (doing something, usually suddenly)
  • Partir dans + noun means “to start” (doing something which interrupts something else)
  • Partir de has two meanings:
    • “to begin with” or “to start from”.
    • “to come from”.
  • Partir pour + infinitive also means “to start” (and gives the impression of continuing for a long time).

Expressions With Partir

Some common French expressions depend on Partir. You will need to conjugate many of these using the knowledge you gain in this article. By practicing these in simple sentences, they will be easier to remember.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{à\ partir\ de:-}}\) from (time, date, place)

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{à\ partir\ de\ maintenant:-}}\) from now on

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{à\ partir\ de\ ce\ moment-là:-}}\) from then on

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{à\ partir\ du\ moment\ où:-}}\) as soon as

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{À\ vos\ marques !\ Prêts ?\ Partez !:-}}\) On your marks! Get set! Go!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{c’est\ parti:-}}\) here we go, here goes

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Partir Present Indicative

In French, the present indicative can be translated as the simple present tense “I leave” or as the present progressive “I am leaving.”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) pars

Example: Je pars tout seul.

Translation In English: I leave by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) pars

Example: Tu pars de Paris.

Translation In English: You leave Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) part

Example: Elle part acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She leaves to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) partons

Example: Nous partons à pied.

Translation In English: We leave on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) partez

Example: Vous partez avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You leave with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) partent

Example: Ils partent au Canada.

Translation In English: They leave for Canada.

Partir Present Progressive Indicative

In French, the present progressive can also be expressed with the simple present tense, but also with the present tense conjugation of verb être (to be) + en train de + the infinitive verb (partir).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) suis en train de partir

Example: Je suis en train de partir tout seul.

Translation In English: I am leaving by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) es en train de partir

Example: Tu es en train de partir de Paris.

Translation In English: You are leaving Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) est en train de partir

Example: Elle est en train de partir acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She is leaving to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) sommes en train de partir

Example: Nous sommes en train de partir à pied.

Translation In English: We are leaving on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) êtes en train de partir

Example: Vous êtes en train de partir avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You are leaving with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) sont en train de partir

Example: Ils sont en train de partir au Canada.

Translation In English: They are leaving for Canada.

Partir Compound Past Indicative

Using verbs such as parted requires être in compound tenses like the passé composé. You will need the auxiliary verb être and the past participle parti to construct this past tense. When you form the passé composed with être, the past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) suis parti/partie

Example: Je suis parti tout seul.

Translation In English: I left by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) es parti/partie

Example: Tu es parti de Paris.

Translation In English: You left Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) est parti/partie

Example: Elle est partie acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She left to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) sommes partis/parties

Example: Nous sommes partis à pied.

Translation In English: We left on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) êtes parti/partis/parties

Example: Vous êtes partis avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You left with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) sont partis/parties

Example: Ils sont partis au Canada.

Translation In English: They left for Canada.

Partir Imperfect Indicative

An imperfect tense is another past tense, but it is usually used to describe ongoing events or repeated actions in the past, and it is normally translated into English as “was leaving” or “used to leave”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) partais

Example: Je partais tout seul.

Translation In English: I used to leave by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) partais

Example: Tu partais de Paris.

Translation In English: You used to leave Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) partait

Example: Elle partait acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She used to leave to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) partions

Example: Nous partions à pied.

Translation In English: We used to leave on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) partiez

Example: Vous partiez avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You were leaving with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) partaient

Example: Ils partaient au Canada.

Translation In English: They were leaving for Canada.

Partir Simple Future Indicative

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) partirai

Example: Je partirai tout seul.

Translation In English: I will leave by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) partiras

Example: Tu partiras de Paris.

Translation In English: You will leave Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) partira

Example: Elle partira acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She will leave to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) partirons

Example: Nous partirons à pied.

Translation In English: We will leave on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) partirez

Example: Vous partirez avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You will leave with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) partiront

Example: Ils partiront au Canada.

Translation In English: They will leave for Canada.

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Partir Near Future Indicative

The near future in French is expressed via the present tense conjugation of the verb aller (to go) plus the infinitive (partir). In English, this would be translated as “going to + verb”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) vais partir

Example: Je vais partir tout seul.

Translation In English: I am going to leave by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) vas partir

Example: Tu vas partir de Paris.

Translation In English: You are going to leave Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) va partir

Example: Elle va partir acheter du pain.

Translation In English: She is going to leave to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) allons partir

Example: Nous allons partir à pied.

Translation In English: We are going to leave on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) allez partir

Example: Vous allez partir avec vos amis.

Translation In English: You are going to leave with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) vont partir

Example: Ils vont partir au Canada.

Translation In English: They are going to leave for Canada.

Partir Conditional

If you want to talk about hypothetical or possible events, you can use the conditional mood.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Je:-}}\) partirais

Example: Je partirais tout seul si je n’avais peur.

Translation In English: I would leave by myself if I were not scared.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) partirais

Example: Tu partirais de Paris si tu pouvais.

Translation In English: You would leave Paris if you could.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Il/Elle/On:-}}\) partirait

Example: Elle partirait acheter du pain si elle avais d’argent.

Translation In English: She would leave to go buy bread if she had money.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) partirions

Example: Nous partirions à pied si ce n’était pas loin.

Translation In English: We would leave on foot if it were not far.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) partiriez

Example: Vous partiriez avec vos amis, mais vos amis ne peuvent pas aller.

Translation In English: You would leave with your friends, but your friends can’t go.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ils/Elles:-}}\) partiraient

Example: Ils partiraient au Canada s’ils voulaient.

Translation In English: They would leave for Canada if they wanted to.

Partir Present Subjunctive

When it is uncertain whether a person will leave, the subjunctive mood is used.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ je:-}}\) parte

Example: Mon père suggère que je parte tout seul.

Translation In English: My father suggests that I leave by myself.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tu:-}}\) partes

Example: Le juge exige que tu partes de Paris.

Translation In English: The judge demands that you leave Paris.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Qu’il/Elle/On:-}}\) parte

Example: Le patron conseille qu’elle parte acheter du pain.

Translation In English: The boss advises that she leave to go buy bread.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nous:-}}\) partions

Example: Charles souhaite que nous partions à pied.

Translation In English: Charles wishes that we leave on foot.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vous:-}}\) partiez

Example: Jacques préfère que vous partiez avec vos amis.

Translation In English: Jacques prefers that you leave with your friends.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Qu’ils/Elles:-}}\) partent

Example: Le président souhaite qu’ils partent au Canada.

Translation In English: The president wishes that they leave for Canada.

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Partir Imperative

When you want to say something like “Leave!” you can use the imperative verb mood. For this case there is no need to use the subject pronoun; simply say, “Pars!” Also, to form the negative commands, just place ne… pas around the positive command.

Commands that are positive

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) pars !

Example: Pars de Paris !

Translation In English: Leave Paris!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) partons !

Example: Partons à pied !

Translation In English: Let’s leave on foot!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) partez !

Example: Partez avec vos amis !

Translation In English: Leave with your friends!

Commands that are negative

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tu:-}}\) ne pars pas !

Example: Ne pars pas de Paris!

Translation In English: Don’t leave Paris!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nous:-}}\) ne partons pas !

Example: Ne partons pas à pied !

Translation In English: Let’s not leave on foot!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vous:-}}\) ne partez pas !

Example: Ne partez pas avec vos amis !

Translation In English: Don’t leave with your friends!

Partir Present Participle/Gerund

The present participle of partir is partant. The ending -ant is added to the verb stem. Present participles are often used to form the gerund (usually preceded by en), which is used to talk about simultaneous actions.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ participle/gerund\ of\ Partir:-}}\) partant

Example: Je pleure en partant Paris.

Translation In English: I cry while leaving Paris.

FAQs

What is partir in the present tense?

In the present tense, the irregular –ir verbs dormir (to sleep), partir (to leave), and sortir (to go out) are conjugated according to the same pattern: 1. For singular conjugations, remove –ir plus the preceding consonant and add the endings.

Is partir conjugated with être or avoir?

Additionally, there are a few other common verbs that form their perfect tense with être. They are aller (to go) and venir (to come) arriver (to come, arrive; to happen), and partir (to leave, depart).

What is the past participle for partir?

Parti

Is partir regular or irregular?

The verbs partir, sortir, and dormir are irregular in the present tense, that is, they are not conjugated like regular -ir verbs.

Is Vandertramp a partir?

In fact, with a bit of fiddling about, we can reduce the Mrs. Vandertramp verbs to a simple list of five, plus the related verbs to each of them. The verbs are Naître, Sortir, Partir, Aller and Monter.

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