# Perder (Spanish Verb) Conjugation In Present, Past, Future, Preterite & Subjunctive Tenses

The Spanish verb ‘perder’ conjugation means ‘to lose,’ and it can be used in numerous expressions. Learn how to use perder in the preterite, subjunctive, and all Spanish tenses. Do you lose things all the time and arrive late all the time because of your scatterbrain tendencies? Are you the one who always has to remind your loved ones of everything? The verb Perder (pronounced pehr-DEHR) is used to describe this.

Perder can mean ‘to lose’, but also ‘to miss’ or ‘to waste’, depending on its context. With the help of Tania and Mario, her scatterbrained brother, you will learn how to use this verb in the preterite and subjunctive.

This verb can appear in many contexts and metaphorical expressions, and native speakers use many of them regularly. Now let’s talk about its conjugation. In Spanish, we use the preterite to describe finished actions in the past that happened once or momentarily. As an example, you could use the preterite of the to say that you lost your keys yesterday or missed your train this morning.

It’s good news! In the preterite tense, perder is regular, so you just need to take its stem (perd-).

Note: Only Spaniards use the form vosotros/as, when addressing a group of people in an informal situation. Throughout the rest of the Spanish-speaking world, native speakers use t instead.

We use the subjunctive to express subjective information, such as wishes or hopes, and to discuss possibilities. It can also be used to give negative commands. Perder is a stem-changing verb, which means that its main vowel changes as it conjugates. Nosotros/as and Vosotros/as must keep their regular stems (perd-) in order to form the subjunctive, except for pierd- in all other forms.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Infinitive:-}}$$ perder

Translation In English: to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ participle:-}}$$ perdido

Translation In English: lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Gerund:-}}$$ perdiendo

Translation In English: losing

## Spanish Verb Perder Conjugation In Indicative Tenses

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Present

The Present Indicative of Perder is used to discuss situations, events, or thoughts that are occurring at the present or in the near future. The term is also used to refer to facts and truths.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$pierdo

Translation In English: I lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$pierdes

Translation In English: you lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$pierde

Translation In English: she/he lose, you (formal) lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdemos

Translation In English: we lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdéis

Translation In English: you (plural) lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$pierden

Translation In English: they lose, you (plural formal) lose

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Preterite

Indicative Preterite of Perder refers to actions completed in the past, at a specific point in history.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perdí

Translation In English: I lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perdiste

Translation In English: you lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perdió

Translation In English: she/he lost, you (formal) lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdimos

Translation In English: we lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdisteis

Translation In English: you (plural) lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perdieron

Translation In English: they lost, you (plural formal) lost

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Imperfect

You can use an Indicative Imperfect of losing to describe regular and repeated past actions and things you used to do.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perdía

Translation In English: I used to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perdías

Translation In English: you used to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perdía

Translation In English: she/he used to lose, you (formal) used to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdíamos

Translation In English: we used to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdíais

Translation In English: you (plural) used to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perdían

Translation In English: they used to lose, you (plural formal) used to lose

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Present Continuous

It is used when referring to something that is continuing or that is happening currently.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$estoy perdiendo

Translation In English: I am losing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$estás perdiendo

Translation In English: you are losing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$está perdiendo

Translation In English: she/he is losing, you (formal) are losing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$estamos perdiendo

Translation In English: we are losing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$estáis perdiendo

Translation In English: you (plural) are losing

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$están perdiendo

Translation In English: they are losing, you (plural formal) are losing

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Informal Future

Perder in Indicative Informal Future used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$voy a perder

Translation In English: I am going to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$vas a perder

Translation In English: you are going to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$va a perder

Translation In English: she/he is going to lose, you (formal) are going to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$vamos a perder

Translation In English: we are going to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$vais a perder

Translation In English: you (plural) are going to lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$van a perder

Translation In English: they are going to lose, you (plural formal) are going to lose

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Future

Indicative futures are used to talk about events that will occur in the future.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perderé

Translation In English: I will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perderás

Translation In English: you will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perderá

Translation In English: she/he will lose, you (formal) will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perderemos

Translation In English: we will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perderéis

Translation In English: you (plural) will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perderán

Translation In English: they will lose, you (plural formal) will lose

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### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Conditional

There is an Indicative Conditional of Perder that holds for something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perdería

Translation In English: I would lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perderías

Translation In English: you would lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perdería

Translation In English: she/he would lose, you (formal) would lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perderíamos

Translation In English: we would lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perderíais

Translation In English: you (plural) would lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perderían

Translation In English: they would lose, you (plural formal) would lose

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Present Perfect

Indicative Present Perfect of Perder is used to describe actions that started recently and are happening now (in the past).

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$he perdido

Translation In English: I have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$has perdido

Translation In English: you have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$ha perdido

Translation In English: she/he has lost, you (formal) have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hemos perdido

Translation In English: we have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habéis perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$han perdido

Translation In English: they have lost, you (plural formal) have lost

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Indicative Past Perfect

Using the Indicative Past Perfect of Perder, we talk about actions that occurred before another action later on in time.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$había perdido

Translation In English: I had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habías perdido

Translation In English: you had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$había perdido

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habíamos perdido

Translation In English: we had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habíais perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habían perdido

### Perder In The Spanish Indicative Future Perfect

Using the Indicative Future Perfect of Perder means talking about something that will happen in the future after something else has already happened.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$habré perdido

Translation In English: I will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habrás perdido

Translation In English: you will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$habrá perdido

Translation In English: she/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habremos perdido

Translation In English: we will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habréis perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habrán perdido

Translation In English: they will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost

### Perder In The Spanish Indicative Conditional Perfect

Indicative Conditional Perfects are used to talk about things that would have happened in the future but didn’t because of other circumstances.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$habría perdido

Translation In English: I would have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$habrías perdido

Translation In English: you would have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$habría perdido

Translation In English: she/he would have lost, you (formal) would have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$habríamos perdido

Translation In English: we would have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$habríais perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) would have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$habrían perdido

Translation In English: they would have lost, you (plural formal) would have lost

## Spanish Verb Perder Conjugation In Subjunctive Tenses

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Subjunctive Present

A subjunctive present is used to describe uncertain situations, or emotions such as wishes, desires, and hopes. Due to the uncertainty of the events discussed, it differs from the indicative mood.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$pierda

Translation In English: I lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$pierdas

Translation In English: you lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$pierda

Translation In English: she/he lose, you (formal) lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdamos

Translation In English: we lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdáis

Translation In English: you (plural) lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$pierdan

Translation In English: they lose, you (plural formal) lose

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### Perder In The Spanish Subjunctive Imperfect

When referring to unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to voice an opinion (emotional) about them, the Subjunctive Imperfect is used.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perdiera

Translation In English: I lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perdieras

Translation In English: you lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perdiera

Translation In English: she/he lost, you (formal) lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdiéramos

Translation In English: we lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdierais

Translation In English: you (plural) lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perdieran

Translation In English: they lost, you (plural formal) lost

### Perder In The Spanish Subjunctive Future

In the Subjunctive Future, hypothetical situations and future actions/events are discussed.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$perdiere

Translation In English: I will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$perdieres

Translation In English: you will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$perdiere

Translation In English: she/he will lose, you (formal) will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdiéremos

Translation In English: we will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perdiereis

Translation In English: you (plural) will lose

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$perdieren

Translation In English: they will lose, you (plural formal) will lose

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Subjunctive Present Perfect

When talking about an action that will have taken place by a certain date in the future, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is used.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$haya perdido

Translation In English: I have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hayas perdido

Translation In English: you have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$haya perdido

Translation In English: she/he has lost, you (formal) have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hayamos perdido

Translation In English: we have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hayáis perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hayan perdido

Translation In English: they have lost, you (plural formal) have lost

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Subjunctive Past Perfect

In the Subjunctive Past Perfect, we discuss hypothetical situations and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$hubiera perdido

Translation In English: I had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hubieras perdido

Translation In English: you had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$hubiera perdido

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hubiéramos perdido

Translation In English: we had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hubierais perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) had lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hubieran perdido

### Perder In The Spanish Subjunctive Future Perfect

If a hypothetical future situation occurs, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to describe what will have happened.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}$$hubiere perdido

Translation In English: I will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$hubieres perdido

Translation In English: you will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$hubiere perdido

Translation In English: she/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$hubiéremos perdido

Translation In English: we will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$hubiereis perdido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have lost

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$hubieren perdido

Translation In English: they will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost

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## Spanish Verb Perder Conjugation In Imperative Tenses

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Imperative Affirmative

When giving orders or commands, the Imperative Affirmative is used.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$pierde

Translation In English: (to you) lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$pierda

Translation In English: (to you formal) lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$perdamos

Translation In English: let’s lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$perded

Translation In English: (to you plural) lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$pierdan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) lose!

### Perder Conjugation In The Spanish Imperative Negative

When we use the Imperative Negative, we are giving orders and commands, telling someone not to do something.

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}$$no pierdas

Translation In English: (to you) don’t lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}$$no pierda

Translation In English: (to you formal) don’t lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}$$no perdamos

Translation In English: let’s not lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}$$no perdáis

Translation In English: (to you plural) don’t lose!

$$\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}$$no pierdan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) don’t lose!

## FAQs

What is the stem change for perder?

The verb perder is a typical ‐er verb with an e>ie stem change.

How do you use perder?

Perder is commonly used in the context of ‘losing something’ in Spanish. And, just as the English verb ‘to lose’ applies in a number of different situations: losing money, losing a sporting match, and losing weight, you can also use perder in Spanish to describe losing something physically or metaphorically.

What’s pedir in English?

The verb ‘pedir’ means to ask for.

What is Pierdes?

Pierde – H/s/y loses, does lose, is losing. This is from the verb perder (to lose), which in the preterite is conjugated like this: Perdí – I lost. Perdiste – You lost. Perdió – H/s/y lost.

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