I find that the conjugation of the Spanish verb poner, which many times translates as “to place” or “to put,” is highly irregular. In order to aid one in understanding and using this verb, this article provides conjugations in the present, past, conditional, and future indicative forms; the present and past subjunctive forms; the imperative, and other forms.

As you can see, the same conjugation pattern is used for other verbs based on put, such as componer, disponer, exponer, imponer, oponer, proponer, reponer and suponer.

How To Use the Verb Poner Conjugation?

In general, the verb poner means “to put” or “to place,” but it can have broader meanings when used in several common expressions like poner la mesa (to set the table), or poner huevos (to lay eggs). It can also mean “to turn on,” as in poner música (to play music on the radio) or “poner la televisión” (to turn the television on).

Poner Conjugation
Poner Conjugation

The verb to put can also be used in a reflexive sense: to put on. Put on can be defined as putting something on, such as clothing or accessories.

Poner Conjugation Present Indicative

The present indicative tense is irregular and the first person singular (yo) conjugation of the verb poner is irregular as well, but the rest of the conjugations follow a regular verb pattern.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) pongo

Translation In English: I put

Example In Spanish: Yo pongo la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) pones

Translation In English: You put

Example In Spanish: Tú pones el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) pone

Translation In English: You/he/she puts

Example In Spanish: Ella pone flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) ponemos

Translation In English: We put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros ponemos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) ponéis

Translation In English: You put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros ponéis la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) ponen

Translation In English: You/they put

Example In Spanish: Ellos ponen mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

How To Use Conjugation Of Aller Verb (Present, Past & Future Tense) In French?

Poner Conjugation Preterite Indicative

Poner’s preterite tense conjugations are irregular and use the stem pus-.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) puse

Translation In English: I put

Example In Spanish: Yo puse la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) pusiste

Translation In English: You put

Example In Spanish: Tú pusiste el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) puso

Translation In English: You/he/she put

Example In Spanish: Ella puso flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) pusimos

Translation In English: We put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros pusimos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) pusisteis

Translation In English: You put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros pusisteis la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pusieron

Translation In English: You/they put

Example In Spanish: Ellos pusieron mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Conjugation Imperfect Indicative

This verb is conjugated regularly in the imperfect tense in the imperfect tense. You start with the stem pon, followed by the imperfect ending for verbs ending in -er (ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían). If the imperfect tense is used, it can be translated as “was putting” or “used to put.”

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) ponía

Translation In English: I used to put

Example In Spanish: Yo ponía la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) ponías

Translation In English: You used to put

Example In Spanish: Tú ponías el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) ponía

Translation In English: You/he/she used to put

Example In Spanish: Ella ponía flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) poníamos

Translation In English: We used to put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros poníamos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) poníais

Translation In English: You used to put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros poníais la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) ponían

Translation In English: You/they used to put

Example In Spanish: Ellos ponían mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

How To Use Irse Verb Conjugation (Preterite, Subjuntive) In Spanish?

Poner Conjugation Future Indicative

To represent the irregular conjugation of put in the future indicative, change the stem to putr-.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) pondré

Translation In English: I will put

Example In Spanish: Yo pondré la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) pondrás

Translation In English: You will put

Example In Spanish: Tú pondrás el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) pondrá

Translation In English: You/he/she will put

Example In Spanish: Ella pondrá flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) pondremos

Translation In English: We will put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros pondremos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) pondréis

Translation In English: You will put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros pondréis la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pondrán

Translation In English: You/they will put

Example In Spanish: Ellos pondrán mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Conjugation Periphrastic Future Indicative

The periphrastic future is an infinitive phrase formed from the present indicative conjugation of the verb ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive poner.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a poner

Translation In English: I am going to put

Example In Spanish: Yo voy a poner la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a poner

Translation In English: You are going to put

Example In Spanish: Tú vas a poner el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) va a poner

Translation In English: You/he/she going to put

Example In Spanish: Ella va a poner flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a poner

Translation In English: We are going to put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vamos a poner el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vais a poner

Translation In English: You are going to put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vais a poner la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) van a poner

Translation In English: You/they are going to put

Example In Spanish: Ellos van a poner mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Tener- “to be”: Spanish Verb Conjugation In Present, Past, Future Tenses

Poner Conjugation Present Progressive/Gerund Form

If you want to form the gerund or present participle, you begin with the stem of the verb and add the ending -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs). Present participles are used to form progressive tenses like the present progressive, which is usually formed with the auxiliary verb estar, but can also be used with other verbs seguir, continuar, or mantener as the auxiliary.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Poner:-}}\) está poniendo

Translation In English: is putting

Example In Spanish: Ella está poniendo flores para decorar la casa.

Poner Conjugation Past Participle

The past participle of poner, is irregular -puesto-. As you will see, this verb form can be used to create perfect tenses, such as the present perfect (along with the auxiliary verb Haber).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Perfect\ of\ Poner:-}}\) ha puesto

Translation In English: has put

Example In Spanish: Ella ha puesto flores para decorar la casa.

Poner Conjugation Conditional Indicative

If you want to speak about possibilities, you can use the conditional tense, which is usually translated as “would + verb”. Poner is also irregular in the conditional, and uses the stem pondr-.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) pondría

Translation In English: I would put

Example In Spanish: Yo pondría la mesa antes de la cena si llegara a tiempo.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) pondrías

Translation In English: You would put

Example In Spanish: Tú pondrías el libro en la biblioteca si hubiera espacio.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) pondría

Translation In English: You/he/she would put

Example In Spanish: Ella pondría flores para decorar la casa, pero las flores están muy caras.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) pondríamos

Translation In English: We would put

Example In Spanish: Nosotros pondríamos el dinero en el banco si nos ganáramos la lotería.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) pondríais

Translation In English: You would put

Example In Spanish: Vosotros pondríais la ropa en el armario si fuerais más ordenados.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pondrían

Translation In English: You/they would put

Example In Spanish: Ellos pondrían mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo, pero son perezosos.

Acostarse Conjugation – Spanish Verb

Poner Conjugation Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive is formed from the stem of the first person singular in the present indicative (yo pongo).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) ponga

Translation In English: That I put

Example In Spanish: Mamá pide que yo ponga la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) pongas

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: El maestro quiere que tú pongas el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) ponga

Translation In English: That you/he/she put

Example In Spanish: La decoradora recomienda que ella ponga flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) pongamos

Translation In English: That we put

Example In Spanish: El contador sugiere que nosotros pongamos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) pongáis

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: Papá pide que vosotros pongáis la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pongan

Translation In English: That you/they put

Example In Spanish: La jefa espera que ellos pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive

There are two different conjugations of the imperfect subjunctive. In my opinion, both of them are correct.

Type:1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) pusiera

Translation In English: That I put

Example In Spanish: Mamá pedía que yo pusiera la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) pusieras

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: El maestro sugería que tú pusieras el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) pusiera

Translation In English: That you/he/she put

Example In Spanish: La decoradora recomendaba que ella pusiera flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) pusiéramos

Translation In English: That we put

Example In Spanish: El contador sugería que nosotros pusiéramos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) pusierais

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: Papá pedía que vosotros pusierais la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pusieran

Translation In English: That you/they put

Example In Spanish: La jefa esperaba que ellos pusieran mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Repetir Conjugation – Definition & Preterite

Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) pusiese

Translation In English: That I put

Example In Spanish: Mamá pedía que yo pusiese la mesa antes de la cena.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) pusieses

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: El maestro sugería que tú pusieses el libro en la biblioteca.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) pusiese

Translation In English: That you/he/she put

Example In Spanish: La decoradora recomendaba que ella pusiese flores para decorar la casa.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) pusiésemos

Translation In English: That we put

Example In Spanish: El contador sugería que nosotros pusiésemos el dinero en el banco.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) pusieseis

Translation In English: That you put

Example In Spanish: Papá pedía que vosotros pusieseis la ropa en el armario.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) pusiesen

Translation In English: That you/they put

Example In Spanish: La jefa esperaba que ellos pusiesen mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Conjugation Imperative

In order to give orders or commands, the imperative mood is used.

Positive Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) pon

Translation In English: Put!

Example In Spanish: ¡Pon el libro en la biblioteca!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) ponga

Translation In English: Put!

Example In Spanish: ¡Ponga flores para decorar la casa!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) pongamos

Translation In English: Let’s put!

Example In Spanish: ¡Pongamos el dinero en el banco!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) poned

Translation In English: Put!

Example In Spanish: ¡Poned la ropa en el armario!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) pongan

Translation In English: Put!

Example In Spanish: ¡Pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo!

Negative Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no pongas

Translation In English: Don’t put!

Example In Spanish: ¡No pongas el libro en la biblioteca!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) no ponga

Translation In English: Don’t put!

Example In Spanish: ¡No ponga flores para decorar la casa!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) no pongamos

Translation In English: Let’s not put!

Example In Spanish: ¡No pongamos el dinero en el banco!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) no pongáis

Translation In English: Don’t put!

Example In Spanish: ¡No pongáis la ropa en el armario!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) no pongan

Translation In English: Don’t put!

Example In Spanish: ¡No pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo!

How to Conjugate the French Verb Lire?: Definition & Examples

FAQs

What is the difference between poner and Ponerse?

The reflexive version of poner is used much more often. It can refer to a literal placing (from putting clothes on yourself to putting yourself in a physical place) or it can refer to an emotional state (putting yourself in a certain mood or putting you on/off).

How do you use Ponerse in a sentence?

My roommate has (turned himself into / become) an annoying (person). In the first sentence, ponerse indicates that my roommate has left behind his normal neutral state and is now entering the pesado state. I secretly hope he will stop being annoying.

How do you use Ponerse as an adjective?

Ponerse is followed by an adjective and indicates an involuntary physical or emotional change. Me puse enfermo en Madrid. I got sick in Madrid. Ana se pone roja cuando habla.

How do you conjugate the reflexive verb Ponerse?

The ‘se’ will come off of the end and change into one of the following (called ‘reflexive pronouns): me (yo) nos (Nosotros/as) te (tú) os (vosotros/as) se (él/ella/Usted.) se (ellos/as, Usteds.)

Does Ponerse stem change?

Ponerse is irregular, and its preterite stem is quite different from the infinitive. In this tense, we need to use the stem pus-, to which we’ll add the endings below. Notice that ponerse is a reflexive verb, which means that we need to add the reflexive pronouns IN FRONT of every conjugated form.

Is poner regular or irregular?

The verbs hacer, poner, and valer are all regular – er verbs with an irregular yo form that ends in – go.