Conjugation Of Preferir Verb in Spanish, Basically, the verb preferir means to prefer. These two words are cognates, which means they have a similar sound and that they have the same meaning since they both come from the same Latin verb. Consequently, they are used in the same context. If you want to express that you would rather you do something or that you would prefer something in English, you can use the verb preferir in Spanish.

When talking about preferring to do something, the verb preferir in Spanish is followed by an infinitive verb, as in Prefiero comer en casa (I prefer to eat at home). As a matter of fact, preferir can also be followed by a noun when we are talking about preferring one thing over another. For example, you can say Prefiero el frío que el calor (I prefer the cold over the heat).

Conjugation Of Preferir (Present, Past & Future Tense) In Spanish

In this case, the conjugation of prefer is irregular due to the fact that it is a stem-changing verb. The result is that whenever the second e in the stem of the verb appears in a stressed syllable, the second e changes into another vowel. If you are using Preferir, you need to pay extra attention to it because sometimes it changes from ie to just i. As an example, the first person present tense conjugation of preferir is prefiero, while the third person preterite conjugation of preferir is prefierió.

Preferir Conjugation Stem Changing Verb
Preferir Conjugation Stem Changing Verb

This article includes conjugations of preferir in the indicative mood (present, past, conditional, future), in the subjunctive mood (both present and past), in the imperative mood, plus other verb forms.

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Conjugation of Preferir In the Present Indicative

Notice that the stem change from e to ie occurs in all the conjugations except for Nosotros and Vosotros in the present indicative tense.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) prefiero

Example In Spanish: Yo prefiero estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)prefieres

Example In Spanish: Tú prefieres el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefiere

Example In Spanish: Ella prefiere viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She prefers to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)preferimos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros preferimos la comida china.

Translation In English: We prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferís

Example In Spanish: Vosotros preferís el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)prefieren

Example In Spanish: Ellos prefieren no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They prefer not to go out at night.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Preterite Indicative

When it comes to Spanish, there are two forms of past tense: the preterite and the imperfect. A preterite is used to talk about things that have already taken place in the past. If you notice, the stem changes from e to i (not ie) in the third person conjugations (él/ella/usted, ellos/ellas/ustedes) of the preterite tense.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) preferí

Example In Spanish: Yo preferí estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I preferred to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)preferiste

Example In Spanish: Tú preferiste el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You preferred the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefirió

Example In Spanish: Ella prefirió viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She preferred to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)preferimos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros preferimos la comida china.

Translation In English: We preferred Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferisteis

Example In Spanish: Vosotros preferisteis el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You preferred the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)prefirieron

Example In Spanish: Ellos prefirieron no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They preferred not to go out at night.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Imperfect Indicative

A second form of the past tense in Spanish is the imperfect tense, which is used to describe ongoing or repeated actions from the past. To prefer in the imperfect is usually translated to English as “used to prefer.” Also, keep in mind that there are no stem changes in the imperfect tense.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) prefería

Example In Spanish: Yo prefería estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I used to prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)preferías

Example In Spanish: Tú preferías el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You used to prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefería

Example In Spanish: Ella prefería viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She used to prefer to travel by bus

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)preferíamos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros preferíamos la comida china.

Translation In English: We used to prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferíais

Example In Spanish: Vosotros preferíais el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You used to prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)preferían

Example In Spanish: Ellos preferían no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They used to prefer not to go out at night.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Future Indicative

You can conjugate the future tense by starting with the infinitive form and adding the endings of the future tense.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) preferiré

Example In Spanish: Yo preferiré estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I will prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)preferirás

Example In Spanish: Tú preferirás el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You will prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)preferirá

Example In Spanish: Ella preferirá viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She will prefer to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)preferiremos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros preferiremos la comida china.

Translation In English: We will prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferiréis

Example In Spanish: Vosotros preferiréis el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You will prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)preferirán

Example In Spanish: Ellos preferirán no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They will prefer not to go out at night.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Periphrastic Future Indicative

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a preferir

Example In Spanish: Yo voy a preferir estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I am going to prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)vas a preferir

Example In Spanish: Tú vas a preferir el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You are going to prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)va a preferir

Example In Spanish: Ella va a preferir viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She is going to prefer to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)vamos a preferir

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vamos a preferir la comida china.

Translation In English: We are going to prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)vais a preferir

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vais a preferir el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You are going to prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)van a preferir

Example In Spanish: Ellos van a preferir no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They are going to prefer not to go out at night.

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Conjugation of Preferir In the Present Progressive/Gerund Form

The progressive tenses of the verb are usually formed with the verb estar followed by the present participle or gerund, prefiriendo. It is interesting to note that in the gerund, the stem changes from e to i (and not to ie). However, the verb preferir is not typically used in the present progressive form, since the verb normally does not refer to continuing action.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Preferir:-}}\)está prefiriendo

Example In Spanish: Ella está prefiriendo viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She is preferring to travel by bus.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Past Participle

For the conjugation of perfect tenses, for example, the present perfect, you need the auxiliary verb Haber and a past participle, preferido.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Perfect\ of\ Preferir:-}}\)ha preferido

Example In Spanish: Ella ha preferido viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She has preferred to travel by bus.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Conditional Indicative

As with the future tense, the conditional tense is conjugated by starting with the infinitive form and adding conditional endings.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) preferiría

Example In Spanish: Yo preferiría estudiar sola.

Translation In English: I would prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)preferirías

Example In Spanish: Tú preferirías el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: You would prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)preferiría

Example In Spanish: Ella preferiría viajar en bus.

Translation In English: She would prefer to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)preferiríamos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros preferiríamos la comida china.

Translation In English: We would prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferiríais

Example In Spanish: Vosotros preferiríais el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: You would prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)preferirían

Example In Spanish: Ellos preferirían no salir de noche.

Translation In English: They would prefer not to go out at night.

Conjugation of Preferir In the Present Subjunctive

Unlike the present indicative tense, the stem of the present subjunctive changes from e to ie in all conjugations except Nosotros and Vosotros, just like the stem of the present indicative. Nevertheless, Nosotros and Vosotros both have a stem change as well, but it is simply that the letter e is changed to the letter i.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Yo:-}}\) prefiera

Example In Spanish: El profesor recomienda que yo prefiera estudiar sola.

Translation In English: The professor recommends that I prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Tú:-}}\)prefieras

Example In Spanish: Tu padre espera que tú prefieras el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: Your father hopes that you prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefiera

Example In Spanish: El conductor espera que ella prefiera viajar en bus.

Translation In English: The driver hopes that she prefers to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)prefiramos

Example In Spanish: Nuestros abuelos esperan que nosotros prefiramos la comida china.

Translation In English: Our grandparents hope that we prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\)prefiráis

Example In Spanish: Perla espera que vosotros prefiráis el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: Perla hopes that you prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)prefieran

Example In Spanish: Sus padres esperan que ustedes prefieran no salir de noche.

Translation In English: Your parents hope that you prefer not to go out at night.

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Conjugation of Preferir In the Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive can be conjugated in two different ways. Both of these options have the stem changed from e to i.

Type: 1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Yo:-}}\):-}}\) prefiriera

Example In Spanish: El profesor recomendaba que yo prefiriera estudiar sola.

Translation In English: The professor recommended that I prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Tú:-}}\)prefirieras

Example In Spanish: Tu padre esperaba que tú prefirieras el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: Your father hoped that you prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefiriera

Example In Spanish: El conductor esperaba que ella prefiriera viajar en bus.

Translation In English: The driver hoped that she prefers to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)prefiriéramos

Example In Spanish: Nuestros abuelos esperaban que nosotros prefiriéramos la comida china.

Translation In English: Our grandparents hoped that we prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\)prefirierais

Example In Spanish: Perla esperaba que vosotros prefirierais el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: Perla hoped that you prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)prefirieran

Example In Spanish: Sus padres esperaban que ustedes prefirieran no salir de noche.

Translation In English: Your parents hoped that you prefer not to go out at night.

Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Yo:-}}\):-}}\) prefiriese

Example In Spanish: El profesor recomendaba que yo prefiriese estudiar sola.

Translation In English: The professor recommended that I prefer to study alone.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Tú:-}}\)prefirieses

Example In Spanish: Tu padre esperaba que tú prefirieses el frío que el calor.

Translation In English: Your father hoped that you prefer the cold over the heat.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\)prefiriese

Example In Spanish: El conductor esperaba que ella prefiriese viajar en bus.

Translation In English: The driver hoped that she prefers to travel by bus.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\)prefiriésemos

Example In Spanish: Nuestros abuelos esperaban que nosotros prefiriésemos la comida china.

Translation In English: Our grandparents hoped that we prefer Chinese food.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\)prefirieseis

Example In Spanish: Perla esperaba que vosotros prefirieseis el instructor anterior.

Translation In English: Perla hoped that you prefer the previous instructor.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\)prefiriesen

Example In Spanish: Sus padres esperaban que ustedes prefiriesen no salir de noche.

Translation In English: Your parents hoped that you prefer not to go out at night.

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Conjugation of Preferir In the Imperative

In order to give orders or commands, you need to be in the imperative mood. For the verb preferir, however, the commands might sound somewhat awkward, since it is not common for a person to be commanded to prefer something. It is also worth noting that all of the commands have the stem changed from e to either ie or i.

Positive Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)prefiere

Example In Spanish: ¡Prefiere el frío que el calor!

Translation In English: Prefer the cold over the heat!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\)prefiera

Example In Spanish: ¡Prefiera viajar en bus!

Translation In English: Prefer to travel by bus!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)prefiramos

Example In Spanish: ¡Prefiramos la comida china!

Translation In English: Let’s prefer Chinese food!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)preferid

Example In Spanish: ¡Preferid al instructor anterior!

Translation In English: Prefer the previous instructor!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\)prefieran

Example In Spanish: ¡Prefieran no salir de noche!

Translation In English: Prefer not to go out a night!

Negative Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\)no prefieras

Example In Spanish: ¡No prefieras el frío que el calor!

Translation In English: Don’t prefer the cold over the heat!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\)no prefiera

Example In Spanish: ¡No prefiera viajar en bus!

Translation In English: Don’t prefer to travel by bus!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\)no prefiramos

Example In Spanish: ¡No prefiramos la comida china!

Translation In English: Let’s not prefer Chinese food!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\)no prefiráis

Example In Spanish: ¡No prefiráis al instructor anterior!

Translation In English: Don’t prefer the previous instructor!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\)no prefieran

Example In Spanish: ¡No prefieran no salir de noche!

Translation In English: Don’t prefer not to go out a night!

FAQs

What is the El form of Preferir?

Usted/él/ella

Is Preferir irregular in preterite?

Preferir is an irregular verb, so pay attention to the spelling. We need to use the stem prefir- in the third-person singular and plural. For the rest of the forms, we use the regular stem (prefer-).

Is Preferir an e to stem-changing ie verb?

The Spanish verb preferir (to prefer) is semi-regular since the stem changes in some forms of El Presente, but it has regular ‑ir group endings.

How do you use Preferir in a sentence?

Example In Spanish: Yo prefiero las camisas negras.

Translation In English: I prefer black shirts.

Example In Spanish: Ella prefiere venir los lunes.

Translation In English: She prefers coming on Mondays.

Example In Spanish: Yo preferiría no salir hoy.

Translation In English: I’d rather not go out today.

Example In Spanish: Yo preferiría quedarme en hotel que alquilar un apartamento.

Translation In English: I’d rather stay in a hotel than rent an apartment.

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