Seguir Conjugation: Sometimes the only way to arrive somewhere or to complete a task is to follow someone. There are a variety of people we can follow to get something done, whether it’s a travel guide or a DIY personality. Ever played Follow the Leader as a child? ‘To follow’ is called ‘Seguir’ in Spanish. You will learn how to conjugate “Seguir” in the present and preterite tenses in this lesson. There will also be examples of how to use the verb.

Lupe and Maria are both starting new careers. There are a lot of things to learn and a lot of instructions to follow. Let’s listen to what they have to say. María: En mi trabaja nuevo, siempre sigo las instrucciones de mi gerente. (At my new job, I always follow my manager’s instructions.) In Spanish, seguir (say-GEAR) means “to follow.” It can also refer to continuing. In this article, you will see how to conjugate seguir in the present and preterite tenses.

How To Use Seguir Conjugation In Preterite, Subjunctive & Imperfect Tenses

The Spanish verb seguir is a fairly common verb that usually means to follow or chase, or continue. Seguir is an irregular verb, which means it does not follow the same conjugation pattern as other regular -ir verbs. The only other verbs that follow the same conjugation pattern are those based on seguir, such as conseguir (to attain or achieve) and perseguir (to pursue, prosecute or persecute).

Seguir Conjugation
Seguir Conjugation

However, there are other verbs that have similar conjugations as seguir, such as decir, vestir, and pedir, since these are also stem-changing verbs where the e sometimes changes to i.

In the following discussion, you can see the conjugations of seguir with examples and translations. The conjugations included are in the present, past, and future indicative mood, the present and past subjunctive mood, the imperative mood, as well as other verb forms.

Using the Verb Seguir

There are several ways to use the verb Seguir. Here are some examples:

To physically follow someone

Example: El detective sigue al sospechoso.

Translation In English: The detective follows the suspect.

To follow someone you admire

Example: Carla sigue a ese cantante.

Translation In English: Carla follows that singer.

To understand

Example: Cuando te lo explico, ¿me sigues?

Translation In English: When I explain it to you, do you follow?

To continue doing something

Example: Pedro sigue estudiando inglés.

Translation In English: Pedro continues studying English.

To keep doing something

Example: Mi hermano me sigue molestando.

Translation In English: My brother keeps bothering me.

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Seguir Verb Conjugation In Present Indicative

Notice that in the present tense the stem e changes to i in all of the conjugations except Nosotros and vosotros.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) sigo

Example: Yo sigo a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: I follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sigues

Example: Tú sigues trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: You continue to work at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) sigue

Example: Ella sigue al ladrón.

Translation In English: She follows the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) seguimos

Example: Nosotros seguimos intentando ganar el juego.

Translation In English: We keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguís

Example: Vosotros seguís a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: You follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) siguen

Example: Ellos siguen la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: They follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Preterite Indicative

In the preterite tense, e changes to i only in the third person singular and plural conjugations (él/ella/usted, ellos/ellas/ustedes).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) seguí

Example: Yo seguí a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: I followed my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) seguiste

Example: Tú seguiste trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: You continued to work at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) siguió

Example: Ella siguió al ladrón.

Translation In English: She followed the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) seguimos

Example: Nosotros seguimos intentando ganar el juego.

Translation In English: We kept trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguisteis

Example: Vosotros seguisteis a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: You followed the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) siguieron

Example: Ellos siguieron la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: They followed the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Imperfect Indicative

When the imperfect tense is used, seguir is conjugated regularly. The imperfect usually refers to an ongoing or repeated action in the past and can be translated as “used to follow” or “was following.”

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) seguía

Example: Yo seguía a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: I used to follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) seguías

Example: Tú seguías trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: You kept working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) seguía

Example: Ella seguía al ladrón.

Translation In English: She used to follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) seguíamos

Example: Nosotros seguíamos intentando ganar el juego.

Translation In English: We used to keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguíais

Example: Vosotros seguíais a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: You used to follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) seguían

Example: Ellos seguían la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: They used to follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Future Indicative

Seguir is conjugated regularly by starting with the infinitive follow and adding the future endings.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) seguiré

Example: Yo seguiré a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: I will follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) seguirás

Example: Tú seguirás trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: You will keep working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) seguirá

Example: Ella seguirá al ladrón.

Translation In English: She will follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) seguiremos

Example: Nosotros seguiremos intentando ganar el juego.

Translation In English: We will keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguiréis

Example: Vosotros seguiréis a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: You will follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) seguirán

Example: Ellos seguirán la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: They will follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Periphrastic Future Indicative

The periphrastic future is formed with the verb ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive seguir.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a seguir

Example: Yo voy a seguir a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: I am going to follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a seguir

Example: Tú vas a seguir trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: You are going to keep working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) va a seguir

Example: Ella va a seguir al ladrón.

Translation In English: She is going to follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a seguir

Example: Nosotros vamos a seguir intentando ganar el juego.

Translation In English: We are going to keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vais a seguir

Example: Vosotros vais a seguir a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: You are going to follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) van a seguir

Example: Ellos van a seguir la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: They are going to follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Present Progressive/Gerund Form

The gerund, or present participle, is a verb form in Spanish that usually ends in -ando (for verbs ending in -ar) or -iendo (for verbs ending in -er or -ir). The present progressive and other progressive tenses can be formed with it. In the gerund for seguir, the stem changes from e to i.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Seguir:-}}\) está siguiendo

Example: Ella está siguiendo al ladrón.

Translation In English: She is following the robber.

Seguir Past Participle

A past participle usually ends in -ado (for verbs with -ar endings) or -ido (for verbs with -er or -ir endings). Perfect tenses can be formed by using the auxiliary verb Haber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Perfect\ of\ Seguir:-}}\) ha seguido

Example: Ella ha seguido al ladrón.

Translation In English: She has followed the robber.

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Seguir Verb Conjugation In Conditional Indicative

The conditional tense is similar to the future tense in that it uses the infinitive as a stem and then adds the conditional endings.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) seguiría

Example: Yo seguiría a mi cantante favorito si tuviera tiempo.

Translation In English: I would follow my favorite singer if I had time.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) seguirías

Example: Tú seguirías trabajando en esa compañía si pagaran mejor.

Translation In English: You would keep working at that company if they paid better.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) seguiría

Example: Ella seguiría al ladrón si pudiera correr.

Translation In English: She would follow the robber if she could run.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) seguiríamos

Example: Nosotros seguiríamos intentando ganar el juego, pero es muy difícil.

Translation In English: We would keep trying to win the game, but it is very difficult.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguiríais

Example: Vosotros seguiríais a los estudiantes durante sus estudios, pero no queréis.

Translation In English: You would follow the students during their studies, but you don’t want to.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) seguirían

Example: Ellos seguirían la clase del profesor si fuera más fácil.

Translation In English: They would follow the professor’s class if it were easier.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Present Subjunctive

All the present subjunctive conjugations have the stem changed from e to i.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) siga

Example: Paula sugiere que yo siga a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: Paula suggests that I follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) sigas

Example: Tu jefe espera que tú sigas trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: Your boss hopes that you keep working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) siga

Example: El policía quiere que ella siga al ladrón.

Translation In English: The police officer wants her to follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) sigamos

Example: Pepe recomienda que nosotros sigamos tratando de ganar el juego.

Translation In English: Pepe recommends that we keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) sigáis

Example: El consejero sugiere que vosotros sigáis a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: The counselor suggests that you follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) sigan

Example: El decano espera que ellos sigan la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: The dean wants them to follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive can be conjugated in two different ways:

Type: 1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) siguiera

Example: Paula sugirió que yo siguiera a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: Paula suggested that I follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) siguieras

Example: Tu jefe esperaba que tú siguieras trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: Your boss hoped that you would keep working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) siguiera

Example: El policía quería que ella siguiera al ladrón.

Translation In English: The police officer wanted her to follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) siguiéramos

Example: Pepe recomendaba que nosotros siguiéramos tratando de ganar el juego.

Translation In English: Pepe recommended that we keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) siguierais

Example: El consejero sugirió que vosotros siguierais a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: The counselor suggested that you follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) siguieran

Example: El decano esperaba que ellos siguieran la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: The dean hoped that they follow the professor’s class.

Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) siguiese

Example: Paula sugirió que yo siguiese a mi cantante favorito.

Translation In English: Paula suggested that I follow my favorite singer.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) siguieses

Example: Tu jefe esperaba que tú siguieses trabajando en esa compañía.

Translation In English: Your boss hoped that you would keep working at that company.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) siguiese

Example: El policía quería que ella siguiese al ladrón.

Translation In English: The police officer wanted her to follow the robber.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) siguiésemos

Example: Pepe recomendaba que nosotros siguiésemos tratando de ganar el juego.

Translation In English: Pepe recommended that we keep trying to win the game.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) siguieseis

Example: El consejero sugirió que vosotros siguieseis a los estudiantes durante sus estudios.

Translation In English: The counselor suggested that you follow the students during their studies.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) siguiesen

Example: El decano esperaba que ellos siguiesen la clase del profesor.

Translation In English: The dean hoped that they follow the professor’s class.

Seguir Verb Conjugation In Imperative

The imperative mood consists of verb conjugations used to give orders or commands.

Positive Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sigue

Example: ¡Sigue trabajando en esa compañía!

Translation In English: Keep working at that company!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) siga

Example: ¡Siga al ladrón!

Translation In English: Follow the robber!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) sigamos

Example: ¡Sigamos tratando de ganar el juego!

Translation In English: Let’s keep trying to win the game!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) seguid

Example: ¡Seguid a los estudiantes durante sus estudios!

Translation In English: Follow the students during their studies!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) sigan

Example: ¡Sigan la clase del profesor!

Translation In English: Follow the professor’s class!

Negative Commands

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no sigas

Example: ¡No sigas trabajando en esa compañía!

Translation In English: Don’t keep working at that company!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) no siga

Example: ¡No siga al ladrón!

Translation In English: Don’ follow the robber!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) no sigamos

Example: ¡No sigamos tratando de ganar el juego!

Translation In English: Let’s not keep trying to win the game!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) no sigáis

Example: ¡No sigáis a los estudiantes durante sus estudios!

Translation In English: Don’t follow the students during their studies!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) no sigan

Example: ¡No sigan la clase del profesor!

Translation In English: Don’t follow the professor’s class!

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FAQs

What is a seguir?

The verb seguir means ‘follow’ in Spanish. It can also mean ‘to continue’.

Is seguir a stem changer?

Seguir is a stem-changing verb, so to form its present subjunctive we need its irregular stem sig-.

What is seguir subjunctive?

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, “hubiere seguido”, meaning “I will have followed”.

Does seguir stem change in preterite?

-ar and -er verbs that change their stem in the present tense do not change in the preterite. They are conjugated just like other regular preterite verbs.

Why is seguir irregular?

What makes seguir an irregular verb is that it doesn’t follow the traditional rules for Spanish verbs ending in ir, er, or ar. In regular verbs, the stem of the verb doesn’t change no matter how you conjugate it. For example, Amar (to love) is a regular verb.

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