The Spanish verb conjugation Servir refers to ‘to serve’ in English. This article explains how to conjugate ‘servir’ in the preterite and subjunctive forms. Several examples will also be provided to illustrate its usage. Who serves the food during a family dinner? Perhaps mom serves up the turkey? Perhaps dad? The verb servir (Sehr-VEER) means ‘to serve’ in Spanish.

As in English, this verb can be used to talk about serving food, people, or things. It’s important to know how to conjugate this verb properly, no matter how you use it. As part of this article, we will discuss preterite and subjunctive forms.

How To Use Servir Conjugation In Preterite, Subjunctive & Imperfect Tenses

The Spanish verb servir means “to serve”. This is an irregular verb. See how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses below!

Servir Conjugation

Similar verbs to servir include “atender”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Infinitive:-}}\) servir

Translation In English: to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ participle:-}}\) servido

Translation In English: served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Gerund:-}}\) sirviendo

Translation In English: serving

Indicative Tenses of Servir Verb Conjugation

Servir in the Indicative Present

In present indicative, we talk about situations, events, or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used for facts and truths. For example, “sirvo”, meaning “I serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) sirvo

Translation In English: I serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sirves

Translation In English: you serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirve

Translation In English: she/he serves, you (formal) serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) servimos

Translation In English: we serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) servís

Translation In English: you (plural) serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirven

Translation In English: they serve, you (plural formal) serve

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Servir in the Indicative Preterite

An Indicative Preterite of servir refers to actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, “serví”, meaning “I served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) serví

Translation In English: I served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) serviste

Translation In English: you served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirvió

Translation In English: she/he served, you (formal) served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) servimos

Translation In English: we served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) servisteis

Translation In English: you (plural) served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirvieron

Translation In English: they served, you (plural formal) served

Servir in the Indicative Imperfect

As it stands, the Indicative Imperfect of servir describes repeated, regular actions that happened in the past and things you used to do. For example, “servía”, means “I used to serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) servía

Translation In English: I used to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) servías

Translation In English: you used to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) servía

Translation In English: she/he used to serve, you (formal) used to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) servíamos

Translation In English: we used to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) servíais

Translation In English: you (plural) used to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) servían

Translation In English: they used to serve, you (plural formal) used to serve

Servir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of servir is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, “estoy sirviendo”, meaning “I am serving”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) estoy sirviendo

Translation In English: I am serving

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) estás sirviendo

Translation In English: you are serving

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) está sirviendo

Translation In English: she/he is serving, you (formal) are serving

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) estamos sirviendo

Translation In English: we are serving

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) estáis sirviendo

Translation In English: you (plural) are serving

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) están sirviendo

Translation In English: they are serving, you (plural formal) are serving

Servir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of servir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, “voy a servir”, meaning “I am going to serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a servir

Translation In English: I am going to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a servir

Translation In English: you are going to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) va a servir

Translation In English: she/he is going to serve, you (formal) are going to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a servir

Translation In English: we are going to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) vais a servir

Translation In English: you (plural) are going to serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) van a servir

Translation In English: they are going to serve, you (plural formal) are going to serve

Servir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of servir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, “serviré”, meaning “I will serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) serviré

Translation In English: I will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) servirás

Translation In English: you will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) servirá

Translation In English: she/he will serve, you (formal) will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) serviremos

Translation In English: we will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) serviréis

Translation In English: you (plural) will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) servirán

Translation In English: they will serve, you (plural formal) will serve

Servir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of servir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypotheses, and probabilities. For example, “serviría”, means “I would serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) serviría

Translation In English: I would serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) servirías

Translation In English: you would serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) serviría

Translation In English: she/he would serve, you (formal) would serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) serviríamos

Translation In English: we would serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) serviríais

Translation In English: you (plural) would serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) servirían

Translation In English: they would serve, you (plural formal) would serve

Servir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of servir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, “he servido”, meaning “I have served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) he servido

Translation In English: I have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) has servido

Translation In English: you have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) ha servido

Translation In English: she/he has served, you (formal) have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hemos servido

Translation In English: we have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habéis servido

Translation In English: you (plural) have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) han servido

Translation In English: they have served, you (plural formal) have served

Servir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of servir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, “había servido”, meaning “I had served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) había servido

Translation In English: I had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habías servido

Translation In English: you had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) había servido

Translation In English: she/he had served, you (formal) had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habíamos servido

Translation In English: we had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habíais servido

Translation In English: you (plural) had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habían servido

Translation In English: they had served, you (plural formal) had served

Servir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of servir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, “habré servido”, meaning “I will have served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habré servido

Translation In English: I will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrás servido

Translation In English: you will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habrá servido

Translation In English: she/he will have served, you (formal) will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habremos servido

Translation In English: we will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habréis servido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrán servido

Translation In English: they will have served, and you (plural formal) will have served

Servir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of servir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, “habría servido”, meaning “I would have served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) habría servido

Translation In English: I would have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) habrías servido

Translation In English: you would have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) habría servido

Translation In English: she/he would have served, you (formal) would have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) habríamos servido

Translation In English: we would have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) habríais servido

Translation In English: you (plural) would have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) habrían servido

Translation In English: they would have served, you (plural formal) would have served

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Subjunctive Tenses of Servir Verb Conjugation

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires, and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, “sirva”, means “I serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) sirva

Translation In English: I serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sirvas

Translation In English: you serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirva

Translation In English: she/he serves, you (formal) serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) sirvamos

Translation In English: we serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) sirváis

Translation In English: you (plural) serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirvan

Translation In English: they serve, you (plural formal) serve

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Imperfect

When speaking about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or when expressing an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past, the subjunctive imperfect is used. For example, “sirviera”, meaning “I served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) sirviera

Translation In English: I served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sirvieras

Translation In English: you served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirviera

Translation In English: she/he served, you (formal) served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) sirviéramos

Translation In English: we served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) sirvierais

Translation In English: you (plural) served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirvieran

Translation In English: they served, you (plural formal) served

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, “sirviere”, meaning “I will serve”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) sirviere

Translation In English: I will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sirvieres

Translation In English: you will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirviere

Translation In English: she/he will serve, you (formal) will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) sirviéremos

Translation In English: we will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) sirviereis

Translation In English: you (plural) will serve

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirvieren

Translation In English: they will serve, you (plural formal) will serve

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

This form is used to describe past actions or events that are still relevant to the present and to speak about a future event. For example, “haya servido”, means “I have served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) haya servido

Translation In English: I have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hayas servido

Translation In English: you have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) haya servido

Translation In English: she/he has served, you (formal) have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hayamos servido

Translation In English: we have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hayáis servido

Translation In English: you (plural) have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hayan servido

Translation In English: they have served, you (plural formal) have served

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, “hubiera servido”, meaning “I had served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiera servido

Translation In English: I had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieras servido

Translation In English: you had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiera servido

Translation In English: she/he had served, you (formal) had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéramos servido

Translation In English: we had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubierais servido

Translation In English: you (plural) had served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieran servido

Translation In English: they had served, you (plural formal) had served

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Servir Verb Conjugation in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situation occurs in the future. For example, “hubiere servido”, meaning “I will have served”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) hubiere servido

Translation In English: I will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) hubieres servido

Translation In English: you will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) hubiere servido

Translation In English: she/he will have served, you (formal) will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) hubiéremos servido

Translation In English: we will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) hubiereis servido

Translation In English: you (plural) will have served

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) hubieren servido

Translation In English: they will have served, and you (plural formal) will have served

Imperative Tenses of Servir Verb Conjugation

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, “sirva”, meaning “(to you formal) serve!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) sirve

Translation In English: (to you) serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) sirva

Translation In English: (to you formal) serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) sirvamos

Translation In English: let’s serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) servid

Translation In English: (to you plural) serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) sirvan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) serve!

Servir Verb Conjugation in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, “no sirva”, meaning “(to you formal) don’t serve!”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no sirvas

Translation In English: (to you) don’t serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ella / Él / Usted:-}}\) no sirva

Translation In English: (to you formal) don’t serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotras / Nosotros:-}}\) no sirvamos

Translation In English: let’s not serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotras / Vosotros:-}}\) no sirváis

Translation In English: (to you plural) don’t serve!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes:-}}\) no sirvan

Translation In English: (to you plural formal) don’t serve!

FAQs

Does servir stem change in the preterite?

-Ir verbs that stem change in the present tense (e.g. Dormir, Servir, Preferir, etc.) continue to have stem changes. However, these stem changes occur only in the 3rd person singular (él, ella, usted) and 3rd person plural (ellos, ellas, ustedes).

What is servir in the yo form?

The conjugations of the present-tense indicative (the most-used conjugation) are as follows: yo sirvo, tú sirves, usted/él/ella sirve, nosotros/nosotras servimos, vosotros servís, ustedes/ellos/ellas sirven.

Is servir regular or irregular?

Servir (“to serve,” “to be useful”) is an irregular French -ir verb. Below are the simple conjugations of the verb servir. They do not include the compound tenses, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb with the past participle.

What is preterite tense?

The Spanish preterite tense is used to describe completed actions in the past. For example Fui al cine Ayer (I went to the cinema yesterday).

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