The Children of Men By P. D. James
|Book Name||The Children of Men|
|Author||P. D. James|
|Item Weight||6.7 ounces|
|Product Dimensions||5.16 x 0.54 x 8 inches|
|Publisher||Vintage; Reissue, Reprint Edition (May 16, 2006)|
|Best Sellers Rank||#47,400 in Books|
|#612 in Dystopian Fiction|
|#1,158 in Post-Apocalyptic Science Fiction|
|#1,180 in Contemporary Literature & Fiction|
I had settled down to begin this diary of the last half of my life when I noticed the time and thought I might as well catch the headlines to the nine o’clock bulletin. Ricardo’s death was the last item mentioned, and then only briefly, a couple of sentences delivered without emphasis in the newscaster’s carefully non-committal voice. But it seemed to me, hearing it, that it was a small additional justification for beginning the diary today; the first day of a new year and my fiftieth birthday. As a child I had always liked that distinction, despite the inconvenience of having it follow Christmas too quickly so that one present – it never seemed notably superior to the one I would in any case have received – had to do for both celebrations.As I begin writing, the three events, the New Year, my fiftieth birthday, Ricardo’s death, hardly justify sullying the first pages of this new loose-leaf notebook. But I shall continue, one small additional defence against personal accidie.
If there is nothing to record, I shall record the nothingness and then if, and when, I reach old age – as most of us can expect to, we have become experts at prolonging life – I shall open one of my tins of hoarded matches and light my small personal bonfire of vanities. I have no intention of leaving the diary as a record of one man’s last years. Even in my most egotistical moods I am not as self-deceiving as that. What possible interest can there be in the journal of Theodore Faron, Doctor of Philosophy, Fellow of Merton College in the University of Oxford, historian of the Victorian age, divorced, childless, solitary, whose only claim to notice is that he is cousin to Xan Lyppiatt, the dictator and Warden of England. No additional personal record is, in any case, necessary. All over the world nation states are preparing to store their testimony for the posterity which we can still occasionally convince ourselves may follow us, those creatures from another planet who may land on this green wilderness and ask what kind of sentient life once inhabited it.
The narrative voice for the novel alternates between the third person and the first person, the latter in the form of a diary kept by Dr. Theodore “Theo” Faron, an Oxford don.
The novel opens with the first entry in Theo’s diary. It is the year 2021, but the novel’s events have their origin in 1995, which is referred to as “Year Omega”. In 1994, the sperm count of human males plummeted to zero, a feminist civil war broke out, and mankind now faces imminent extinction. The last people to be born are now called “Omegas”. “A race apart”, they enjoy various prerogatives. Theo writes that the last human being to be born on Earth has been killed in a pub brawl.
In 2006, Xan Lyppiatt, Theo’s rich and charismatic cousin, named himself Warden of England in the last general election. As people have lost all interest in politics, Lyppiatt abolishes democracy. He is called a despot and tyrant by his opponents, but officially the new society is referred to as egalitarian.
Theo is approached by a woman called Julian, a member of a group of dissidents calling themselves the Five Fishes. He meets with them at a private church. Rolf, their leader, and Julian’s husband is hostile, but the others—Miriam (a former midwife), Gascoigne (a man from a military family), Luke (a former priest), and Julian—are more personable. The group wants Theo to approach Xan on their behalf and ask for various reforms, including a return to a more democratic system. During their discussions, as Theo plans to meet with Xan, the reader learns how the UK is in 2021:
- The Omegas are described as spoiled, over-entitled, and egotistical because of their youth and luxurious lifestyle. They are violent, remote, and unstable. They regard non-Omegas (elders) with undisguised contempt, yet they are spared punishment due to their age. According to rumor, outside of the UK, some countries sacrifice Omegas in fertility rituals.
- Due to the global infertility of mankind, newborn animals (such as kittens and puppies) are doted upon and treated as infants, pushed in prams, and dressed in children’s clothing. The latest trend in London is to have elaborate christening ceremonies for newborn pets.
- The country is governed by the decree of the Council of England, which consists of five people. Parliament has been reduced to an advisory role. The aims of the Council are (1) protection and security, (2) comfort, and (3) pleasure, corresponding to the Warden’s promises of: (1) freedom from fear, (2) freedom from want, and (3) freedom from boredom.
- The Grenadiers, formerly an elite regiment in the British Armed Forces, are the Warden’s private army. The State Secret Police (SSP) ensures the Council’s decrees are executed.
- The courts still exist, but juries have been abolished. Under the “new arrangements”, defendants are tried by a judge and two magistrates. All convicted criminals are dumped at a penal colony on the Isle of Man. There is no remission, escape is almost impossible, visitors are forbidden, and prisoners may not write or receive letters.
- Every citizen is required to learn skills, such as animal husbandry, which they might need to help them survive if they happen to be among the last human beings in the UK.
- Foreign workers are lured into the country and then exploited. Young people, preferably Omegas, from poorer countries come to England to work there. These “foreign Omegas” or, generally, “sojourners”, are imported to do undesirable work. At 60, which is the age limit, they are sent back (“forcibly repatriated”). British Omegas are not allowed to emigrate so as to prevent further loss of labor.
- Elderly/infirm citizens have become a burden; nursing homes are for the privileged few. The rest are expected and sometimes forced to commit suicide by taking part in a “quietus” (Council-sanctioned mass drowning) at age 60.
- The state has opened “pornography centers” as well as installing special transmitters that emit a special kind of radiation designed to increase libido. Twice a year, healthy women under 45 must submit to a gynecological examination; and most men must have their sperm tested, to keep hope alive.
- Theo’s meeting, which turns out to be a meeting with the full Council of England, does not go well. Some of the members resent him because he resigned as Xan’s advisor rather than share the responsibility of governing the UK. Xan guesses that Theo’s suggestions came from others and makes it clear to Theo that he will take action against dissidents.
The Five Fishes distribute a leaflet detailing their demands. The SSP visit Theo. He sees Julian in the market shortly afterward. He tells her of the SSP visit, then tells her that if ever she needs him she only has to send for him. That night, however, Theo decides to leave England for the summer and visit the continent before nature overruns it.
Soon after Theo’s return, Miriam tells him that Gascoigne was arrested as he was trying to rig a Quietus landing stage to explode. The other Fishes are about to go on the run, and Julian wants him. Miriam reveals why Julian did not come herself: Julian is pregnant. Theo believes Julian is deceiving herself, but when the two meet, Julian invites Theo to listen to her baby’s heartbeat.
During the group’s flight, Luke is killed while trying to protect Julian during a confrontation with a wild gang of Omegas. Julian confesses that the father of her child is not Rolf, but rather the deceased Luke. Rolf, who believes he should rule the U.K. in Xan’s place, is angered at the discovery; he abandons the group to notify the Warden.
The group heads to a shack Theo knows of. Miriam delivers Julian’s baby: a boy, not a girl as Julian had thought. Miriam goes to find more supplies; after she is gone too long, Theo investigates. He finds Miriam dead, garrotted in a nearby house. Theo returns to Julian, but soon afterward Julian hears a noise outside: Xan.
Theo and Xan confront each other and both fire one shot. The sudden wailing of the baby startles Xan, causing him to miss, as Rolf had thought the baby would not be born for another month. Theo shoots and kills Xan. He removes from Xan’s finger the Coronation Ring, which Xan had taken to wearing as a symbol of authority, and seems poised to become the new leader of the UK (at least temporarily). The other members of the Council are introduced to the baby, whom Theo baptizes.
In 2006, a film adaptation was directed by Alfonso Cuarón, starring Julianne Moore and Clive Owen. The film was well-received, and, according to Cuarón, P.D. James was said to have been pleased with it despite the alterations.
“A book of such accelerating tension that the pages seem to turn faster as one moves along.” —Chicago Tribune
“As scary and suspenseful as anything in Hitchcock.” —The New Yorker
“Extraordinary. . . . Daring. . . . Frightening in its implications.” —The New York Times
“Fascinating, suspenseful, and morally provocative. The characterizations are sharply etched and the narrative is compelling.”—Chicago Sun-Times
“She writes like an angel. Every character is closely drawn. Her atmosphere is unerringly, chillingly convincing. And she manages all this without for a moment slowing down the drive and tension of an exciting mystery.”
—The Times (UK)
About the Author
P. D. James is the author of twenty books, many of which feature her detective hero Adam Dalgliesh and have been televised or filmed. She was the recipient of many honors, including the Mystery Writers of America Grand Master Award and the National Arts Club Medal of Honor for Literature, and in 1991 was created Baroness James of Holland Park. She died in 2014.