Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir that means to live. Since Vivir is a regular verb, then it follows the conjugation pattern for all verbs ending in -ir. If you want to conjugate the infinitive verb vivir, drop the ending -r and add the new ending.

Here you will find a list of vive conjugations for the most frequently used tenses, such as the tenses present, preterite, and imperfect. In addition, you will find their translations and usage examples. Additionally, you will also find a variety of verb forms, such as participles and gerunds, in addition to conjugations in both the indicative and subjunctive moods.

In the Spanish language, verbs are conjugated in three persons, each of whom has a singular and a plural form. In addition, in Spanish, there is another conjugation form, usted, and ustedes, which is a second person form (singular and plural respectively). As with usted, ustedes follow the conjugation form of third-person pronouns.

Conjugation Of Vivir Verb (Present, Past, Preterite, Subjunctive & Future Tense) In Spanish

In the future, would you like to live in a country that speaks Spanish? You might also want to talk to a Spanish-speaking friend about where they used to live when they were a child in their native language?

In that case, you will need to know the verb vive (to live) and how to use it. Now that you know the verb vive, let’s get started!

Vivir Conjugation
Vivir Conjugation

Imagine this scenario. You have decided to study abroad in Spain. While talking to your friend about the trip, she asks you, “What are your plans?”?

¿Dónde vivirás? (Where will you live?) ¿Con quién vivirás? (With whom will you live?)

If you would like to answer her question, Yo viviré en Madrid. (I will live in Madrid.)

Alternatively, you could reply, Yo viviré con una familia. (I will live with a family.)

She tells you she knows a family you could live with, so she gives them a call. Once they have devised a plan, the mom tells your friend,

Sí, ella vivirá con nosotros. (She will live with us.)

It is the mother who talks your friend into going as well, and your friend says that,

Entonces, Nosotros viviremos con ustedes. (We will live with you.)

The mother’s excitement as she tells her husband that she is expecting a child is evident in her voice.

¡Vienen las chicas y ellas vivirán con nosotros! (The girls are coming and they will live with us!)

What do you think of the use of the verb vivir in the story in the future tense? The verb vivir is used as a regular go verb. It will be useful to see how it is conjugated. Assume for a moment that you are in Spain with the family you are staying with. During your host mother’s time as a child, it was important to her to know where you used to live.

She asks you, ¿Dónde vivías? (Where did you live?)

You can answer her, Yo vivía en California. (I used to live in California.)

Then she proceeds to talk about her sister and she says, Mi hermana vivía en Los Angeles, California. (My sister lived in Los Angeles, California.)

Afterwards, you tell her with great excitement, ¡Nosotros también vivíamos en Los Angeles! (We used to live in Los Angeles too!)

The conversation could continue and go into more detail.

She asks you, ¿Viviste en una casa o en apartamento?

You tell your host mother, Yo viví en un apartamento por un año. (I lived in an apartment for one year.)

As a result, you become curious about how long her sister lived in California, so you ask her, ¿Por cuanto tiempo vivió su hermana en California? (How long did your sister live in California?)

She says Ella vivió en California dos años y vivió en Tejas por un año. (She lived in California for two years and in Texas for one year.)

In the story above, did you realize that the verb “vive” was used differently in the past than it is now? One way is to use the preterite tense, which is used to describe actions that have occurred in the past and have a definite beginning and end, or that took place for a specific amount of time. In the story above, the preterite tense is used to describe a place where the woman lived for a specific amount of time.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Present Indicative Tense

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) vivo

Example In Spanish: Yo vivo en Texas.

Translation In English: I live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vives

Example In Spanish: Tú vives en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) vive

Example In Spanish: Él vive en la ciudad.

Translation In English: He lives in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vivimos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vivimos en una granja.

Translation In English: We live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vivís

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vivís en España.

Translation In English: You live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) viven

Example In Spanish: Ellas viven en California.

Translation In English: They live in California.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Preterite Indicative Tense

There are two types of past tense in Spanish: the preterite and the imperfect indicative. In general, the preterite is used to describe past events that have happened or were previously completed.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) viví

Example In Spanish: Yo viví en Texas.

Translation In English: I lived in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) viviste

Example In Spanish: Tú viviste en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You lived in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) vivió

Example In Spanish: Ella vivió en la ciudad.

Translation In English: She lived in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vivimos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vivimos en una granja.

Translation In English: We lived in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vivisteis

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vivisteis en España.

Translation In English: You lived in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivieron

Example In Spanish: Ellas vivieron en California.

Translation In English: They lived in California.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Imperfect Indicative Tense

The imperfect indicative form, or imperfecto indicativo, is used to refer to a past action or state of being without specifying the time when it began or ended or to mention repeated instances of the action. It is equivalent to the English words “used to live” or “was living”.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) vivía

Example In Spanish: Yo vivía en Texas.

Translation In English: I used to live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vivías

Example In Spanish: Tú vivías en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You used to live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) vivía

Example In Spanish: Él vivía en la ciudad.

Translation In English: He used to live in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vivíamos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vivíamos en una granja.

Translation In English: We used to live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vivíais

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vivíais en España.

Translation In English: You used to live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivían

Example In Spanish: Ellas vivían en California.

Translation In English: They used to live in California.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Future Indicative Tense

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) viviré

Example In Spanish: Yo viviré en Texas.

Translation In English: I will live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vivirás

Example In Spanish: Tú vivirás en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You will live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) vivirá

Example In Spanish: Él vivirá en la ciudad.

Translation In English: He will live in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) viviremos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros viviremos en una granja.

Translation In English: We will live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) viviréis

Example In Spanish: Vosotros viviréis en España.

Translation In English: You will live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivirán

Example In Spanish: Ellas vivirán en California.

Translation In English: They will live in California.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Periphrastic Future Indicative Tense

Periphrastic refers to construction using a number of words. Periphrastic future in Spanish refers to a future occurrence and is commonly used in conversations. It is equivalent to the expression “I’m going to” in the sense that it refers to a future occasion and occurs in a future time. A periphrastic future is formed by combining a conjugated version of the verb ir (to go) with the article a and the infinitive form of the main verb.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) voy a vivir

Example In Spanish: Yo voy a vivir en Texas.

Translation In English: I am going to live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vas a vivir

Example In Spanish: Tú vas a vivir en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You are going to live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) va a vivir

Example In Spanish: Él va a vivir en la ciudad.

Translation In English: He is going to live in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vamos a vivir

Example In Spanish: Nosotros vamos a vivir en una granja.

Translation In English: We are going to live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vais a vivir

Example In Spanish: Vosotros vais a vivir en España.

Translation In English: You are going to live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) van a vivir

Example In Spanish: Ellas van a vivir en California.

Translation In English: They are going to live in California.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Present Progressive Tense/Gerund Form 

The present progressive in Spanish is formed when the present indicative conjugation of the verb estar is followed by the present participle (gerund in Spanish).

In grammar, the gerund refers to the -ing form of a verb. In order to form a gerund, all -ir verbs take on the ending -iendo, for example, vive becomes vive. It is the verb that has been conjugated or changed in the sentence that makes up the active verb. It does not matter how the subject and verb change, the gerund remains the same. In the Spanish language, the gerund is used as the present participle is used in English (not as a noun).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Present\ Progressive\ of\ Vivir:-}}\) está viviendo

Example In Spanish: Ella está viviendo con sus padres.

Translation In English: She is living with her parents.

Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Past Participle

The past participle is equivalent to the -en or -ed form of the verb in English. For this case, it is created by dropping the -ir and adding the -ido. The verb, vivir, becomes vivido. It is necessary to conjugate the verb which precedes it, in this case, Haber (to have).

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Past\ Participle\ of\ Vivir:-}}\) ha vivido

Example In Spanish: Él ha vivido en muchos países.

Translation In English: He has lived in many countries.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Conditional Indicative Form

There is a conditional indicative form, which, or the conditional, is used to express probability, possibility, wonder, or conjecture, and it is normally translated in English as would, could, must have, or probably.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) viviría

Example In Spanish: Yo viviría en Texas.

Translation In English: I would live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vivirías

Example In Spanish: Tú vivirías en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: You would live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted/él/ella:-}}\) viviría

Example In Spanish: Él viviría en la ciudad.

Translation In English: He would live in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) viviríamos

Example In Spanish: Nosotros viviríamos en una granja.

Translation In English: We would live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) viviríais

Example In Spanish: Vosotros viviríais en España.

Translation In English: You would live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivirían

Example In Spanish: Ellas vivirían en California.

Translation In English: They would live in California.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Present Subjunctive Tense

A present subjunctive, or presente subjuntivo in Spanish, works much like the present indicative, with the exception it suggests mood. They use it when they are doubtful, wishful, or emotional and are particularly subjective. When you want to tell a subject to do something, you should apply the Spanish subjunctive. Also, use que with the pronoun and verb.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) viva

Example In Spanish: Carlos espera que yo viva en Texas.

Translation In English: Carlos hopes that I live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) vivas

Example In Spanish: Mamá espera que tú vivas en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: Mom hopes that you live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) viva

Example In Spanish: Ana espera que él viva en la ciudad.

Translation In English: Ana hopes that he lives in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ Nosotros:-}}\) vivamos

Example In Spanish: Papá espera que nosotros vivamos en una granja.

Translation In English: Dad hopes that we live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) viváis

Example In Spanish: Juan espera que vosotros viváis en España.

Translation In English: Juan hopes that you live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivan

Example In Spanish: Laura quiere que ellas vivan en California.

Translation In English: Laura hopes that they live in California.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Imperfect Subjunctive Tense

An imperfect subjunctive, or imperfecto del subjuntivo, is a clause that describes something that happened in the past and is used in situations of doubt, desire, or emotion. Additionally, in some cases, you are able to use e with a pronoun and verb. For the imperfect subjunctive, there are two possible conjugations, both of which are considered correct.

Type: 1

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) viviera

Example In Spanish: Carlos deseaba que yo viviera en Texas.

Translation In English: Carlos wished that I live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) vivieras

Example In Spanish: Mamá esperaba que tú vivieras en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: Mom hoped that you live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) viviera

Example In Spanish: Ana esperaba que él viviera en la ciudad.

Translation In English: Ana hoped that he lives in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) viviéramos

Example In Spanish: Papá deseaba que nosotros viviéramos en una granja.

Translation In English: Dad wished that we live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) vivierais

Example In Spanish: Juan esperaba que vosotros vivierais en España.

Translation In English: Juan hoped that you live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivieran

Example In Spanish: Laura quería que ellas vivieran en California.

Translation In English: Laura wished that they live in California

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Type: 2

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ yo:-}}\) viviese

Example In Spanish: Carlos esperaba que yo viviese en Texas.

Translation In English: Carlos hoped that I live in Texas.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ tú:-}}\) vivieses

Example In Spanish: Mamá deseaba que tú vivieses en una casa bonita.

Translation In English: Mom wished that you live in a pretty house.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ usted/él/ella:-}}\) viviese

Example In Spanish: Ana esperaba que él viviese en la ciudad.

Translation In English: Ana hoped that he lives in the city.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ nosotros:-}}\) viviésemos

Example In Spanish: Papá esperaba que nosotros viviésemos en una granja.

Translation In English: Dad hoped that we live in a farm.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ vosotros:-}}\) vivieseis

Example In Spanish: Juan deseaba que vosotros vivieseis en España.

Translation In English: Juan wished that you live in Spain.

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Que\ ustedes/ellos/ellas:-}}\) vivieseis

Example In Spanish: Laura esperaba que ustedes viviesen en California.

Translation In English: Laura hoped that you live in California.

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Conjugation of Spanish verb Vivir in Imperative Tense

An imperative, or imperative in Spanish, is used to convey a command or instruction. As a person commands others, there is no first-person or third-person form (singular or plural) to describe the command. There is also a change in the imperative form when the command is negative: the word no is followed by a conjugated verb.

Positive Command

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) —

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) vive

Example In Spanish: ¡Vive en una casa bonita!

Translation In English: Live in a pretty house!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) viva

Example In Spanish: ¡Viva en la ciudad!

Translation In English: Live in the city!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) vivamos

Example In Spanish: ¡Vivamos en una granja!

Translation In English: Let’s live in a farm!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) vivid

Example In Spanish: ¡Vivid en España!

Translation In English: Live in Spain!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) vivan

Example In Spanish: ¡Vivan en California!

Translation In English: Live in California!

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Negative Command

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Yo:-}}\) —

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Tú:-}}\) no vivas

Example In Spanish: ¡No vivas en una casa bonita!

Translation In English: Don’t live in a pretty house!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Usted:-}}\) no viva

Example In Spanish: ¡No viva en la ciudad!

Translation In English: Don’t live in the city!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Nosotros:-}}\) no vivamos

Example In Spanish: ¡No vivamos en una granja!

Translation In English: Let’s not live in a farm!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Vosotros:-}}\) no vivais

Example In Spanish: ¡No vivais en España!

Translation In English: Don’t live in Spain!

\(\mathbf{\color{red}{Ustedes:-}}\) no vivan

Example In Spanish: ¡No vivan en California!

Translation In English: Don’t live in California!

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FAQs

Is vivir a stem-changing verb?

Here’s another e to i stem-changing verb. Compare it to the regular verb vivir. Notice that the endings are the same for regular verbs and stem-changing verbs.

Is Vivir regular or irregular?

Vivir is a Spanish regular ir verb meaning to live. Vivir appears on the 100 Most Used Spanish Verbs Poster as the no.1 most used regular ir verb. For the preterite, tense conjugation, go to Vivir Preterite Tense Conjugation.

Is Vivir irregular in the future tense?

Do you notice how the verb vivir is used in the upper section in the future tense? It is a regular ir verb.

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